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Strong light-matter interaction in lithography-free planar metamaterial perfect absorbers (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Ekmel Özbay; Amir Ghobadi; Hodjat Hajian; Bayram Butun
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Paper Abstract

The efficient harvesting of electromagnetic (EM) waves by sub-wavelength nanostructures can result in perfect light absorption in the narrow or broad frequency range. These metamaterial based perfect light absorbers are of particular interest in many applications, including thermal photovoltaics, photovoltaics, sensing, filtering, and photodetection applications. Although advances in nanofabrication have provided the opportunity to observe strong light-matter interaction in various optical nanostructures, the repeatability and upscaling of these nano units have remained a challenge for their use in large scale applications. Thus, in recent years, the concept of lithography-free planar light perfect absorbers has attracted much attention in different parts of the EM spectrum, owing to their ease of fabrication and high functionality. In this talk, we will explore the material and architecture requirements for the realization of light perfect absorption using these multilayer metamaterial designs from ultraviolet (UV) to far-infrared (FIR) wavelength regimes. We will provide a general theoretical formulation to find the ideal condition for achieving near unity light absorption. Later, these theoretical estimations will be coupled with findings of recent studies on light perfect absorbers to explore the physical phenomena and the limits of different materials and design architectures. These studies are categorized in three main class of materials; metals, semiconductors, and other types of materials. We will show that, by the use of proper material and design configuration, it is possible to realize these lithography-free light perfect absorbers in every portion of the EM spectrum. This, in turn, opens up the opportunity of the practical application of these perfect absorbers in large scale dimensions. In the last part of the talk, we will discuss the progress, challenges, and outlook of this field to outline its future direction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10926, Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XVI, 109261R (8 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2508195
Show Author Affiliations
Ekmel Özbay, Bilkent Univ. (Turkey)
Amir Ghobadi, Bilkent Univ. (Turkey)
Hodjat Hajian, Bilkent Univ. (Turkey)
Bayram Butun, Bilkent Univ. (Turkey)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10926:
Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XVI
Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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