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Blue organic light-emitting OLED with triplet-triplet fluorescence sensitized by tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Chia-Hsun Chen; Man-Kit Leung; Jiun-Haw Lee; Tien-Lung Chiu; Chi-Feng Lin
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Paper Abstract

Organic light emitting diode (OLED) has lots of advantages in display technology such as self-emissive, light-weight, and compatible for flexible substrates. Compared to the red and green OLEDs, blue one has shorter lifetime due to high-energy polaron quenching. Triplet-triplet annihilation up conversion (TTAUC) is a promising way to reduce the driving voltage and improve the operation lifetime for a blue OLED. This system includes two materials, sensitizer and emitter, which has a narrower bandgap and triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) characteristic, respectively. When the sensitizer is excited, its triplet exciton can transfer the energy to the triplet of emitter with lower triplet energy and fuse into one singlet exciton with a higher energy photon than the sensitizer. In this research, we demonstrate that a convention green fluorescent material, tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum (Alq3) can be used as a sensitizer for a blue TTA emitter, 9,10-Bis(2-naphthyl)anthraces (ADN). In a conventional Alq3-based OLED, when the electron and hole coming from cathode and anode recombined at Alq3 as the recombination layer, 25% of singlet and 75% of triplet were generated. All triplet exciton experienced non-radiative recombination, which resulted in low efficiency due to the poor reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate. On the other hand, in TTAUC-OLED, triplet exciton of Alq3 (ET=2.0 eV) transferred the energy to the triplet of ADN (ET=1.67 eV) via Dexter energy transfer and two of them fused into one singlet (ES=2.83 eV) with blue emission. This recycled the useless triplet exciton and resulted in a higher external quantum efficiency (EQE) for TTAUC-OLED (2.1%) compared to the Alq3 (1.2%) and ADN (1.67%) control devices. Moreover, the recombination zone was shifted from ADN to Alq3, the operation lifetime of blue component can be increased by 3x times longer than the ADN control device. From transient electroluminescence (TrEL) measurement, Alq3-control device showed a fast decay within 1us which implied only singlet exciton involved. For the TTAUC-OLED, blue emission showed only delayed component which meant the emission came from only TTA process without direct recombination.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2019
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Proc. SPIE 10942, Advances in Display Technologies IX, 109420F (8 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2507723
Show Author Affiliations
Chia-Hsun Chen, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Man-Kit Leung, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Jiun-Haw Lee, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Tien-Lung Chiu, Yuan Ze Univ. (Taiwan)
Chi-Feng Lin, National United Univ. (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10942:
Advances in Display Technologies IX
Jiun-Haw Lee; Qiong-Hua Wang; Tae-Hoon Yoon, Editor(s)

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