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Proceedings Paper

Combination of optically measured coordinates and displacements for quantitative investigation of complex objects
Author(s): Peter Andrae; Manfred-Andreas Beeck; Werner P. O. Jueptner; Werner Nadeborn; Wolfgang Osten
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Paper Abstract

Holographic interferometry makes it possible to measure high precision displacement data in the range of the wavelength of the used laser light. However, the determination of 3D- displacement vectors of objects with complex surfaces requires the measurement of 3D-object coordinates not only to consider local sensitivities but to distinguish between in-plane deformation, i.e. strains, and out-of-plane components, i.e. shears, too. To this purpose both the surface displacement and coordinates have to be combined and it is advantageous to make the data available for CAE- systems. The object surface has to be approximated analytically from the measured point cloud to generate a surface mesh. The displacement vectors can be assigned to the nodes of this surface mesh for visualization of the deformation of the object under test. They also can be compared to the results of FEM-calculations or can be used as boundary conditions for further numerical investigations. Here the 3D-object coordinates are measured in a separate topometric set-up using a modified fringe projection technique to acquire absolute phase values and a sophisticated geometrical model to map these phase data onto coordinates precisely. The determination of 3D-displacement vectors requires the measurement of several interference phase distributions for at least three independent sensitivity directions depending on the observation and illumination directions as well as the 3D-position of each measuring point. These geometric quantities have to be transformed into a reference coordinate system of the interferometric set-up in order to calculate the geometric matrix. The necessary transformation can be realized by means of a detection of object features in both data sets and a subsequent determination of the external camera orientation. This paper presents a consistent solution for the measurement and combination of shape and displacement data including their transformation into simulation systems. The described procedure will be demonstrated on an automotive component. Thus more accurate and effective measurement techniques make it possible to bring experimental and numerical displacement analysis closer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2782, Optical Inspection and Micromeasurements, (18 September 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.250746
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Andrae, Bremer Institut fuer Angewandte Strahltechnik (Germany)
Manfred-Andreas Beeck, Volkswagen AG (Germany)
Werner P. O. Jueptner, Bremer Institut fuer Angewandte Strahltechnik (Germany)
Werner Nadeborn, Bremer Institut fuer Angewandte Strahltechnik (Germany)
Wolfgang Osten, Bremer Institut fuer Angewandte Strahltechnik (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2782:
Optical Inspection and Micromeasurements
Christophe Gorecki, Editor(s)

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