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Hyper-entanglement signals in quantum optical circuits
Author(s): Vladimir V. Nikulin; Rushui Fang; David H. Hughes
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Paper Abstract

Secure free-space data links can be established using conventional laser communication technology or, if necessary, they can be further enhanced with quantum encryption. Security features of these systems are based on the protocols that make use of the inherent properties of laser light. In this case, encryption does not rely on complex mathematical algorithms that add overhead to the communication stream, but instead it is based on physical-layer processes in the laser sources and other modulating components. One promising approach is based on polarization entanglement between correlated photon pairs to achieve data encryption in quantum communication systems. The foundation of security lies in the response of photons to polarization measurements. Additional degrees of freedom can be added to each “singleparticle” state by using hyper-entanglement. The situation can be visualized when several carrier waves are assigned specific frequencies in the 100 GHz International Telecommunication Union (ITU) grid. The two technologies that can be eventually integrated to achieve this task include hyperspectral quantum circuits and the entangled pair source and detection systems. This results in frequency/polarization hyper-entanglement, which can be processed with additional wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) components to achieve efficient separation of the signals. It is important to understand that most of the previous work is theoretical and assumes ideal properties of all optical parts. In reality, many non-ideal features of the quantum circuits and their components can change the way the quantum states are processed, and this constitutes the main focus of our paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10933, Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication XII, 109330J (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2506099
Show Author Affiliations
Vladimir V. Nikulin, SUNY at Binghamton (United States)
Rushui Fang, SUNY at Binghamton (United States)
David H. Hughes, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10933:
Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication XII
Philip R. Hemmer; Alan L. Migdall; Zameer Ul Hasan, Editor(s)

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