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Proceedings Paper

An excellent performance optical system for freeform pupil illumination module in immersion photolithography machine
Author(s): Zongshun Zeng; Zhiyuan Niu; Fang Zhang; Xiaozhe Ma; Siyu Zhu; Weijie Shi; Aijun Zeng; Huijie Huang
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Paper Abstract

With the application of source mask optimization (SMO) technology in the 28nm and below nodes photolithography machine, the freeform pupil illumination technology has been widely utilized to achieve resolution enhancement for various complex patterns. The freeform illumination module (FIM) equipped with micro-mirror array (MMA) are proposed, which could realize arbitrary pupil by adjusting the angle position distribution of MMA. Therefore, it is necessary to research the freeform pupil illumination technology in immersion photolithography machine. An excellent performance optical system for FIM mainly including homogenization unit, micro-lens array (MLA), MMA and Fourier transform lens is proposed in this paper. The homogenization unit is used to increase the uniformity of the beam incident onto MMA. The beam incident onto MLA is divided and focused on MMA. The focused sub-beams are reflected by micro-mirrors and then incident into Fourier transform lens. And the freeform pupil is generated at its back focal plane. In order to verify the feasibility of the designed optical system, three freeform pupils optimized by SMO are input into the designed FIM and the corresponding simulated pupils are exported. Furthermore, the photolithography performance simulations of the optimized and simulated pupils are implemented in optical model. The results indicate that their critical dimension (CD) differences are less than 0.5nm RMS for thousands of patterns in 40nm-80nm, such as line end, line space, contact hole, end to line, SRAM et. al., which shows that the excellent performance of the designed FIM.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 July 2018
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10827, Sixth International Conference on Optical and Photonic Engineering (icOPEN 2018), 1082732 (24 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2501208
Show Author Affiliations
Zongshun Zeng, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Zhiyuan Niu, Dongfang Jingyuan Electron Ltd. (China)
Fang Zhang, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Xiaozhe Ma, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Siyu Zhu, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Weijie Shi, Dongfang Jingyuan Electron Ltd. (China)
Aijun Zeng, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Huijie Huang, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10827:
Sixth International Conference on Optical and Photonic Engineering (icOPEN 2018)
Yingjie Yu; Chao Zuo; Kemao Qian, Editor(s)

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