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Optimal unequal phase steps for laser direct writing in DPE manufacturing
Author(s): Mona Mihailescu; Irina Alexandra Paun; Eugen I. Scarlat; Nicolae Mihale; Denis Tranca; Bogdan Stefanita Calin; Catalin Romeo Luculescu
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Paper Abstract

Various manufacturing techniques are used to minimize the number of micro--relief steps and consequently the time and volume of processed substance for large scale production of diffractive phase elements (DPEs) such that to approximate the desired field distribution in terms of mean squared error, uniformity, and efficiency in the lower domain of quantized phase levels. The paper presents a method to optimize DPE manufacturing using unequal imprinted phase steps by direct laser writing via two photon polymerization. The algorithm is implemented with Python software and contains two feedback loops of analysis: one at the optical image level, the other at the DPE level. The unequal sizes of phase steps are optimal with respect to the particular DPE subjected to fabrication. DPEs and the corresponding optical images are presented in simulated and experimental versions, respectively. The results are evidencing the advantage of unequal steps versus the equal ones. The method is an acceptable compromise between preserving relevant micro-relief details and accurate image reconstruction under the constraint of limited number of imprinted steps and lower processing time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 November 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10818, Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications VIII, 108181V (2 November 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2500922
Show Author Affiliations
Mona Mihailescu, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
Irina Alexandra Paun, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
National Institue for Plasma Physics & Radiation Bucharest (Romania)
Eugen I. Scarlat, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
Nicolae Mihale, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
Denis Tranca, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
Bogdan Stefanita Calin, National Institue for Plasma Physics & Radiation Bucharest (Romania)
Catalin Romeo Luculescu, National Institue for Plasma Physics & Radiation Bucharest (Romania)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10818:
Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications VIII
Yunlong Sheng; Chongxiu Yu; Changhe Zhou, Editor(s)

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