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Proceedings Paper

2D refractive index field measurements in air in different pressure scenarios
Author(s): Rüdiger Beermann; Lorenz Quentin; Eduard Reithmeier; Markus Kästner
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Paper Abstract

The optical geometry characterization of wrought hot components can help to quantify material distortion effects during air-cooling. The component's shrinkage behavior is affected by inhomogeneous heat dissipation due to the object's complex geometry and - in case of hybrid materials - differing thermal expansion coefficients. As optical triangulation techniques rely on the rectilinear expansion of light, the hot component's heat input into the surrounding medium air influences the reachable accuracy of optical geometry measurements due to an inhomogeneous refractive index field around the hot component. In previous work, the authors identified low pressure measurements in air as a possible approach to reduce the magnitude and expansion of the inhomogeneous refractive index field above cylindrical high-temperature objects and thereby allow precise geometry acquisition. We now present experimental data of the 2D refractive index field above a hot cylinder in different pressure scenarios using the well-known background oriented schlieren (BOS) method in order to illustrate the decrease in refractive index variations dependent on the pressure state. For this purpose, a ceramic rod is placed in a vacuum chamber and heated up to temperatures of about 1000°C. Using a monochromatic camera, a wavelet background and an optical ow algorithm, the developing 2D refractive index field for a low pressure scenario is compared to ambient pressure conditions. The experimental data illustrates a reduction in the convective heat flow above the hot heating rod at lower pressure values and therefore a homogenization of the density-coupled refractive index in air, validating former simulation results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 November 2018
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10819, Optical Metrology and Inspection for Industrial Applications V, 108190E (2 November 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2500315
Show Author Affiliations
Rüdiger Beermann, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Lorenz Quentin, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Eduard Reithmeier, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Markus Kästner, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10819:
Optical Metrology and Inspection for Industrial Applications V
Sen Han; Toru Yoshizawa; Song Zhang, Editor(s)

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