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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of near-field measurements and electromagnetic simulations of the focal plane unit of the Heterodyne instrument for the far-infrared
Author(s): Willem Jellema; Robert Huisman; Massimo Candotti; Timothy Finn; Neal Trappe; J. Anthony Murphy; Stafford Withington; Wolfgang Wild
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Paper Abstract

The Heterodyne Instrument for the Far-Infrared (HIFI) of the ESA cornerstone mission Herschel is required to operate at wavelengths between 157 and 625 μm. Because of the long-wavelength character, and the complexity and modularity of the optical design, there is a clear need for accurate electromagnetic simulations supported by experimental verification. The need for a compact layout in order to reduce mass and volume as far as possible has important optical consequences. Several mirrors are illuminated in the propagating near-field rather than in the far-field. Consequently the classical geometrical design and analysis approach is inadequate. The long-wavelength character of the system can not be ignored and the associated diffraction effects inevitably become important. In this paper we describe the results of electromagnetic simulations of the optical system for band 1 of HIFI at a wavelength of 625 μm. In order to verify the results of the front-to-end coherent propagation of the detector beams, near-field facilities capable of measuring both amplitude and phase of the electromagnetic field have been developed. A unique feature of these facilities is that the absolute coordinates of the measured field components are known within a fraction of a wavelength. Therefore a true comparison with theoretical predictions can be made. We compare measurement data taken at 625 μm with simulations and discuss to what extent measured and simulated results may be expected to agree. We conclude by presenting the consequences of our observations in terms of system performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 April 2018
PDF: 21 pages
Proc. SPIE 10568, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2004, 105682C (13 April 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2500107
Show Author Affiliations
Willem Jellema, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Robert Huisman, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Massimo Candotti, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (United Kingdom)
Timothy Finn, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
Neal Trappe, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
J. Anthony Murphy, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
Stafford Withington, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Wolfgang Wild, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10568:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2004
Josiane Costeraste; Errico Armandillo, Editor(s)

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