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Proceedings Paper

Modeling the mechanics of free particulate abrasive polishing from the viewpoint of single-point processes
Author(s): Anthony E. Gee
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Paper Abstract

Seen in the context of manufacturing machining process, the ability to rough-grind glass, an essentially brittle material, firstly to form, incurring considerable sub- surface damage, and then to free-abrasively polish it to nanometric roughness levels and micrometric form, is remarkable. Single-point studies of the fracture mechanics and machinability of glasses show that, at incursion levels of sub-micrometer order and forces of the order of grams, plastic deformation dominates material deformation processes. The implications of brittleness being scale- dependent ar considerable embracing the possibilities for single-point machining. Whereas it is difficult to experimentally observe the action of a single-particle among the many under a lap, observation and analysis of single- point machining may be usefully employed to explain lap-grit actions. Surface roughness values, damage-depths, interface presentation, limitations on inherent form-convergence and the role of statistical averaging in abrasion may be combined to provide a mechanical model for certain particulate actions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 August 1996
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2775, Specification, Production, and Testing of Optical Components and Systems, (19 August 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.246798
Show Author Affiliations
Anthony E. Gee, Cranfield Univ. (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2775:
Specification, Production, and Testing of Optical Components and Systems
Anthony E. Gee; Jean-Francois Houee, Editor(s)

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