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Proceedings Paper

Picosecond intensifier gating with a plated webbing cathode underlay
Author(s): Stan W. Thomas; Jimmy C. Trevino
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Paper Abstract

Irising time of microchannel plate intensifiers with fiberopticcathode windows has been reduced to less than 100 ps. This is achieved by metalizing the fiberoptic's cladding glass to reduce cathode substrata resistance without reducing transmission of the cathode window. During irising, a bright ring is seen, first at the edge as it propagates toward the center. This time lag is caused by the distributed time constant of the substrata resistance and the cathode-to-MCP capacitance. Since the capacitance is fixed by restraints of tube geometry, our goal was to reduce the distributed resistance sufficiently to achieve sub-nano-second irising times. The process involves a number of steps. First, an approximately 34-nm-thick layer of nickel is evaporated over the cathode side of the fiberoptic window. Next, the nickel is coated with photoresist, which is exposed through the faceplate and the nickel, using the fiberoptics as a self-aligning mask. The photoresist is developed and washed off, exposing the nickel covering the active fiber area or core glass. At this point, photoresist still covers the nickel over the cladding glass or webbing, protecting it when the exposed nickel covering the core glass is etched away. Finally, the remaining photoresist is removed, leaving only the nickel covering the fiberoptic webbing. We processed several 18-mm faceplates from ITT, Fort Wayne, Indiana, and ITT used the plates to construct intensifiers which we tested for irising time. Photographs, as well as computer processed 3-D images of the output showed no irising. This means that any irising that occurs is clearly faster than the time resolution of our measurement system (which is estimated to be less than 50 ps).

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1991
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1358, 19th Intl Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (1 April 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.24083
Show Author Affiliations
Stan W. Thomas, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Jimmy C. Trevino, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1358:
19th Intl Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Peter W. W. Fuller, Editor(s)

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