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Proceedings Paper

Development of x-ray mask in Taiwan
Author(s): Jeng Tzong Sheu; Shyang Su
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents results of using silicon carbide (SiC) and silicon-rich silicon nitride (SiNx) as membrane for X-ray masks in technology of X-ray lithography. Microcrystalline silicon carbide film was deposited on silicon substrate by electron synchrotron resonance plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition at 300 degrees C utilizing a SiH4/CH4/H2/Ar gas mixture. Low tensile stress film which is suitable as X-ray membrane can be achieved by annealing after silicon carbide film deposition. The microwave power over 800 watts and the gas ratio (Methane:Silane) larger than 1.5 are needed for the stoichiometry of SiC film. On the other hand, we deposited silicon-rich silicon nitride film on silicon substrate by low pressure chemical vapor deposition at 850 degrees C to 900 degrees C. In order to get low tensile stress film, different gas flow ratios (Dichlorosilane:Ammonia) were tested. The increased gas flow ratio (Dichlorosilane:Ammonia) and the increased deposition temperature are related to the decrease of tensile stress of film. Roughness, uniformity, optical transmittance and soft X-ray transmission of both films are reported. The absorption bands of both films were measured by FTIR spectroscopy. The surface morphology was monitored by AFM. The photon transmission of both films was measured in the range of 400 to 800 nm for visible light and 800 to 1600 ev photon energy for SR soft X-ray transmission was conducted at the Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu, Taiwan. The deposition rate of both films are 13 nm/min and 40 nm/min for silicon nitride and silicon carbide, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 May 1996
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2723, Electron-Beam, X-Ray, EUV, and Ion-Beam Submicrometer Lithographies for Manufacturing VI, (27 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.240471
Show Author Affiliations
Jeng Tzong Sheu, National Nano Device Lab. (Taiwan)
Shyang Su, National Chiao-Tung Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2723:
Electron-Beam, X-Ray, EUV, and Ion-Beam Submicrometer Lithographies for Manufacturing VI
David E. Seeger, Editor(s)

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