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Proceedings Paper

High-intensity soft-flash x-ray generator utilizing a low-vacuum diode
Author(s): Hiroshi Isobe; Eiichi Sato; Arimitsu Shikoda; Kei Takahashi; Yoshiharu Tamakawa; Toru Yanagisawa
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Paper Abstract

The fundamental studies on the high-intensity single flash x-ray generator having a low-vacuum diode for biomedical radiography are described. This generator consisted of the following essential components: a high-voltage power supply, a high-voltage pulser with a coaxial oil condenser of l5OnF, a low impedance transmission line made from four coaxial cables with lengths of 5. 6m and a total capacity of 292OpF, a mechanical booster pump, and a flash x-ray tube. The x-ray tube was of the diode-type which was connected to the booster pump with a constant pressure of 1. 7Pa and consisted of the following major devices: a long anode tip made of tungsten with a diameter (D) of less than 3. 0mm and a length (L) of 50mm, a long cathode tip made of tungsten with a D of 1. 0mm and a L of 40mm, a polyoxymethylene insulator, lead diaphragms, and an x-ray window made of polyethylene terephthalate. The coaxial oil condenser in the pulser was charged from 50 to 90kV, and the electric charges in the condenser were discharged to the flash x-ray tube through a transmission line by using a gas gap switch with a highcurrent capacity. The peak voltage increased according to increases in the condenser charged voltage and its value was more than the charged voltage. The peak current primarily increased when the charged voltage was increased, and its value was less than 4OkA. The pulse width of the flash x-rays ranged from 60 to 8Ons, and the time integrated x-ray intensity with a charged voltage of 90kV and an anode cathode (A-C) space of 3. 0mm was about 4pC/kg at 1. Om per pulse the source. The effective focal spot size was primarily determined by the diameter of the anode tip, and its value was about 3. 0mm when an anode diameter of 3. 0mm was employed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1991
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 1358, 19th Intl Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (1 April 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.24046
Show Author Affiliations
Hiroshi Isobe, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Eiichi Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Arimitsu Shikoda, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Kei Takahashi, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Yoshiharu Tamakawa, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Toru Yanagisawa, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1358:
19th Intl Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Peter W. W. Fuller, Editor(s)

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