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Proceedings Paper

Incorporation of piezoelectric Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 fibers into ceramic/polymer composites
Author(s): Ahmad Safari; Victor Janas; Bahram Jadidian; Jonathan D. French; Gregory E. Weitz; John E. Luke; Bud Cass
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Paper Abstract

The processing of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3, or PZT, fiber and fiber/polymer composites for transducer applications is discussed. Green PZT fibers, 80 to 100 micrometers in diameter, were formed at Advanced Cerametrics, Inc., using the Viscous Suspension Spinning Process (VSSP). In this process, fine PZT powder is intimately mixed with polymer precursor by high shear mixing. The powder and precursor mixture is spun through a spinneret into a coagulation bath to form fibers. The fibers are washed, dried, and collected on a spool. Yarns containing between 10 and 500 individual fibers were collimated by applying a polymeric sizing to the yarns, and passing the yarns through sizing dies. Yarn bundle tightness and flexibility were controlled by the sizing chemistry. Continuous green yarns were cut to short lengths, or woven in different architectures to create composites with novel microstructures. The short yarns were fired to product PZT straight rods for `pick and place' piezoelectric composites. The woven structures were heat treated and backfilled with polymer to create composites with 1-3, 2-3, and 3-3 connectivity. After heat treatment, the diameter of the individual PZT fibers was 10 to 20 micrometers . Electromechanical characteristics of a number of composites were determined, and will be reported. The PZT VSSP fibers can be used to form fine-scale, large area piezoelectric fiber/polymer composites for use in hydrophones, transducers for medical ultrasonic imaging and non-destructive evaluation, and as sensors and actuators in vibration and noise control.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2721, Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies, (1 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.239131
Show Author Affiliations
Ahmad Safari, Rutgers Univ. (United States)
Victor Janas, Rutgers Univ. (United States)
Bahram Jadidian, Rutgers Univ. (United States)
Jonathan D. French, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
Gregory E. Weitz, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
John E. Luke, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
Bud Cass, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2721:
Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies
C. Robert Crowe, Editor(s)

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