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Proceedings Paper

Wavelength division minimoney: small subsidy for small business
Author(s): Carl W. Nelson
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Paper Abstract

The government subsidizes American small businesses to create WDM (and four zillion more technologies). The Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) supplies a little seed capital for infant development and then a little more when private capital joins in. BMDO's cumulative investment of $DOL300M in Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) since 1985 has seeded some notable successes. BMDO's SBIR, which has helped a fourth of this symposium's speakers, attracts a dollar of private capital for every SBIR dollar. Small US firms raised $DOL200 million from public sale of common stock, doubled in employment, and are attracting a growing pool of private capital to match and expand BMDO's subsidy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2690, Wavelength Division Multiplexing Components, (1 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.238914
Show Author Affiliations
Carl W. Nelson, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2690:
Wavelength Division Multiplexing Components
Louis S. Lome, Editor(s)

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