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Proceedings Paper

Utilization of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry for structural studies related to biology and disease
Author(s): Catherine E. Costello; Jari Helin; Lambert C. M. Ngoka
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Paper Abstract

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), because of its high sensitivity and relatively straightforward requirements for sample preparation, is contributing to the solution of structural problems in biology and to the development of therapeutic approaches through increased understanding of pharmacology and enhanced capabilities for quality control of pharmaceuticals. We are using a reflectron TOF- MS for the determination of molecular weights of individual compounds and the components of mixtures that are naturally occurring or are generated through enzymic digests, and employing the post-source decay mode to elucidate structural details. To maximize the sensitivity and information content of the spectra, varied matrices, derivative, and stepwise degradation procedures are being explored. Present studies include investigations of oligosaccharides, neutral glycolipids, gangliosides, glycoproteins, neuropeptides and proteins. Rules for fragmentation are being developed with model compounds and used for the structural elucidation of unknowns. When adequate sample amounts are available, the results are compared with low- and high-energy collision-induced decomposition spectra obtained with tandem MS in order to provide a data base for the correlation of spectral features and guidance in selection of approaches for scarce biological samples. Current projects include biophysical studies of glycoplipids, glycoproteins and oligosaccharides and investigations of the substance P receptor, transthyretin genetic variants and cisplatin-DNA interactions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1996
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2680, Ultrasensitive Biochemical Diagnostics, (1 April 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.237630
Show Author Affiliations
Catherine E. Costello, Boston Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Jari Helin, Boston Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Lambert C. M. Ngoka, Boston Univ. School of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2680:
Ultrasensitive Biochemical Diagnostics
Gerald E. Cohn; Steven A. Soper; C. H. Winston Chen, Editor(s)

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