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Proceedings Paper

Investigation of possiblity of substitution of 12XH3A steel in the process of manufacturing gears for a Sova motorcycle gearing box
Author(s): L. M. Abramov; V. P. Karabanov; V. L. Abramov; A. S. Astakhin
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Paper Abstract

The experimental work describes the possibility of substituting the expensive alloying steel 12XH3A for the low-cost material (steel 40X) in manufacturing gears of the motor cycle gearing box. It ban be achieved on the basis of the obtained results and with the help of laser melting treatment of small-alloying steel. We can speak about the dependence of laser melting radiation efficiency on the regimes and procedures. The breakage of the gearing box of the motor cycle 'Sova' may be explained by the low carry ability of its first gearing box gear. This investigation includes the determination of the cause of this problem. One of the most wide spread methods of such decisions is the substitution of the used materials by another. The most important criteria for the new materials are: (1) the increase of mechanical characteristics (solidity, plasticity); (2) the increase of such characteristics as hardness, specific percussive viscosity; (3) the improvement of the technological characteristics; (4) the condencention of the manufacturing expenditures (economical effect). In accordance with these creations some materials (35X, 40X, 20XH, 40XHM steels) were chosen. The best material is 40X steel, because it allows us to treat the gears by laser radiation with the surface melt. Surface melt allows us to produce: (1) martensite structure with high solidity and low percussive viscosity; (2) martensite structure with chrome carbides and high percussive viscosity, but low plasticity; (3) amorphous or monocrystallic structures with the best characteristics. The last structure has the best characteristics because dislocation defects in such material are practically absent. Also, the amorphous surface of the materials is the most interesting. The spirit of the investigation is to define the parameters of production such as radiation power, size of laser spot, and speed of spot.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1996
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 2713, Fifth International Conference on Industrial Lasers and Laser Applications '95, (1 March 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.234210
Show Author Affiliations
L. M. Abramov, Kovrov Technology Institute (Russia)
V. P. Karabanov, Kovrov Technology Institute (Russia)
V. L. Abramov, Kovrov Technology Institute (Russia)
A. S. Astakhin, Kovrov Technology Institute (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2713:
Fifth International Conference on Industrial Lasers and Laser Applications '95
Vladislav Ya. Panchenko; Vladimir S. Golubev, Editor(s)

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