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Nanosat-based detection and tracking of launch vehicles
Author(s): Caroline Schweitzer; Max Gulde; Clemens Horch ; Norbert Scherer-Negenborn; Karin Stein; Norbert Wendelstein
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Paper Abstract

Effective sensor technology for space based early warning and detection is a key component in the defense against immediate threats. These sensors have to be designed and optimized based on realistic infrared signatures of both, background (atmospheric, terrestrial) and rocket exhaust plume (or: ballistic missile exhaust plume). In both cases, the lack of observations causes the use of comprehensive simulation tools, either instead or in addition to ground measurement data. In the paper, we will present the preparatory investigations carried out for the conceptual design of an electro-optical (EO) payload based on a nanosatellite platform for the purpose of space-based early warning. Initially, this will comprise a description of the atmospheric simulation tool used at Fraunhofer IOSB, the application of those, and the assessment of detection and tracking algorithms. We will then give a short side note about ground measurement data. To conclude the paper, the experimental spacecraft based on nanosatellite technology (name: ERNST) will be introduced with a special focus on the EO payload designed by Fraunhofer EMI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 October 2018
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10794, Target and Background Signatures IV, 107940L (9 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2324700
Show Author Affiliations
Caroline Schweitzer, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Max Gulde, Fraunhofer-Institut für Kurzzeitdynamik, Ernst-Mach-Institut, EMI (Germany)
Clemens Horch , Fraunhofer-Institut für Kurzzeitdynamik, Ernst-Mach-Institut, EMI (Germany)
Norbert Scherer-Negenborn, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Karin Stein, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Norbert Wendelstein, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10794:
Target and Background Signatures IV
Karin U. Stein; Ric Schleijpen, Editor(s)

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