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Arrays of truncated cone AlGaN deep-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes for efficient outcoupling of in-plane emission (Conference Presentation)
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Paper Abstract

Despite a rapidly-growing demand for efficient man-made DUV light sources, widespread adoption of AlGaN-based DUV LEDs is currently obstructed by extremely poor extraction of DUV photons due to the intrinsic material properties of AlGaN including low hole concentration and poor light extraction efficiency (LEE). Conventional LEE-enhancing techniques used for GaInN-based visible LEDs turned out to be ineffective for DUV LEDs due to a strong absorption of DUV light by p-GaN contact layer, and predominant TM polarized anisotropic emission from Al-rich AlGaN multi-quantum well (MQW) active region grown on c-plane sapphire substrate. Therefore, a new LEE-enhancing approach addressing the unique intrinsic property of AlGaN DUV LEDs is strongly desired. In this study, we present DUV LEDs having arrays of TC shaped active mesas coated with MgF2/Al reflectors on the inclined sidewalls to extract strong TM-polarized in-plane emission trough the sapphire substrate. Ray tracing simulations reveal that the TC DUV LEDs show an isotropic emission pattern and much enhanced light-output power in comparison with stripe-type DUV LEDs with the same MgF2/Al reflectors. Consistent with the ray tracing simulation results, the TC DUV LEDs show an isotropic emission pattern with 37.1% higher light-output power as well as lower operating voltage than the stripe-type DUV LEDs. Based on our results, we suggest strategies to design an optimized DUV LEDs for further enhancing the optical and electrical performances simultaneously. In addition, we propose a next generation DUV LED with an array of Al nanoparticles capable of enhancing IQE and LEE simultaneously by surface plasmon resonance coupling.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 September 2018
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Proc. SPIE 10727, UV and Higher Energy Photonics: From Materials to Applications 2018, 1072704 (17 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2323569
Show Author Affiliations
Jong Won Lee, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Jong Kyu Kim, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10727:
UV and Higher Energy Photonics: From Materials to Applications 2018
Gilles Lérondel; Satoshi Kawata; Yong-Hoon Cho, Editor(s)

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