Proceedings PaperStabilized extrinsic fiber optic Fabry-Perot sensor for surface acoustic wave detection
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A surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor based on an extrinsic Fabry-Perot mterferometer is described. A single-mode fiber, used as the input/output fiber, and a multimode fiber, used solely as a reflector, form an air-gap that acts as a low-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity. The Fresnel reference reflection from the glass/air interface at the front of the air-gap interferes with the sensing reflection from the air/glass interface at the far end of the air-gap. Strains in the silica tube housing the two fibers change the air-gap length, thereby altering the phase difference between the reference and sensing reflections. A theoretical analysis of the interaction between the strain induced by elastic stress wave fields and the fiber sensor is presented. A dual optical wavelength stabilization technique is used to minimize signal drifts. Signal to noise ratios on the order of 39 dB are obtained with a sensitivity of 4° μstrain cm-1 for strain measurements.