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Proceedings Paper

Bending and shape memory effects of modulated gels
Author(s): Zhibing Hu; Yong Li; Xiaomin Zhang; Yuanye Chen
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Paper Abstract

The smart materials based on spatial modulation of the chemical nature of gels have been synthesized. The modulation is achieved by interpenetrating only part of one gel network with another gel network. Therefore, these gels have an internally heterogeneous, or modulated structure. The simplest modulated structure is a bigel. The bending of the bigel has been studied as a function of temperature. A theoretical model has been used to analyze the bending stress in the bigels. A variety of shapes, including sinusoidal and spiral ones, of the gels at various temperatures can be obtained by designing the modulation pattern of the system. The novel gel functions obtained from the modulation method are based on the fact that the volumes of different gels are sensitive to different environmental aspects.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 February 1996
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2716, Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Smart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics, (9 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.232143
Show Author Affiliations
Zhibing Hu, Univ. of North Texas (United States)
Yong Li, Kimberly-Clark Corp. (United States)
Xiaomin Zhang, Univ. of North Texas (United States)
Yuanye Chen, Univ. of North Texas (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2716:
Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Smart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics
Andrew Crowson, Editor(s)

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