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Proceedings Paper

Directional reflectance studies in support of the Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS) at Railroad Valley
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Paper Abstract

The Radiometric Calibration Test Site (RadCaTS) is a suite of commercial and custom instruments used to make measurements of the surface reflectance and atmosphere throughout the day at Railroad Valley, Nevada. It was developed in response to the need for daily radiometric calibration data for the vast array of Earth-observing sensors on orbit, which is continuously increasing as more nations and private companies launch individual environmental satellites as well as large constellations. The current suite of instruments at RadCaTS includes five ground-viewing radiometers (GVRs), four of which view the surface in a nadir-viewing configuration. Many sensors such as those on Landsat-7 and Landsat-8 view Railroad Valley within 3° of nadir, while others such as those on Sentinel-2A and -2B, RapidEye, Aqua, Suomi NPP, and Terra can view Railroad Valley at off-nadir angles. Past efforts have shown that the surface bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) has minimal impact on vicarious calibration uncertainties for views <10°, but the desire to use larger view angles has prompted the effort to develop a BRDF correction for data from RadCaTS. The current work investigates the application of Railroad Valley BRDF data derived from a BRF camera developed at the University of Arizona in the 1990s (but is no longer in use) to the current RadCaTS surface reflectance measurements. Also investigated are early results from directional reflectance studies using a mobile spectro-goniometer system during a round-robin field campaign in 2018. This work describes the preliminary results, the effects on current measurements, and the approach for future measurements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 September 2018
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10764, Earth Observing Systems XXIII, 107640Z (7 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2320756
Show Author Affiliations
Jeffrey S. Czapla-Myers, College of Optical Sciences, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Craig A. Coburn, Univ. of Lethbridge (Canada)
Kurtis J. Thome, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Brian N. Wenny, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Nikolaus J. Anderson, College of Optical Sciences, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10764:
Earth Observing Systems XXIII
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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