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Proceedings Paper

Distributed-volume optical disturbance generation in a scaled-laboratory environment using nematic liquid-crystal phase modulators
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Paper Abstract

We discuss the use of nematic liquid-crystal phase modulators (LCPMs) as repeatable, programmable optical disturbance test sources to simulate propagation through deep atmospheric turbulence in a laboratory setting. LCPMs can introduce controlled dynamic aberrations into optical systems at low cost, low complexity and high flexibility. Because they are small they can easily be inserted into the optical path of optics system. The programmed sequence can be modified to simulate changing atmospheric conditions and engagement scenarios. In this paper we describe phase screens generated with multiple LPCMs set up at different conjugate points in an optical path to simulate multiple atmospheric turbulence layers. The goal is to simulate deep turbulence optical propagations to test subsequent wave-front sensors and control algorithms. We investigate phenomena related to deep turbulence propagation such as phase-front branch points and optical field intensity fluctuations with medium to high Rytov number.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2018
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10772, Unconventional and Indirect Imaging, Image Reconstruction, and Wavefront Sensing 2018, 107720H (18 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2319968
Show Author Affiliations
David Dayton, Applied Technology Associates (United States)
Mark Spencer, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Arthur Hassall, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Troy Rhoadarmer, Guidestar Optical Systems, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10772:
Unconventional and Indirect Imaging, Image Reconstruction, and Wavefront Sensing 2018
Jean J. Dolne; Philip J. Bones, Editor(s)

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