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Antenna-coupled lumped-element ALD titanium nitride KIDs for CMB instruments (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Erik Shirokoff; Peter S. Barry; Qing Yang Tang; Rong Nie
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Paper Abstract

Future ground-based cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments will require more than $10^5$ polarization sensitive pixels covering multiple atmospheric bands. The scientific potential for such an experiment is impressive; however, the technical challenges are daunting: such an instrument will require square meters of focal plane covered in background limited cryogenic detectors and a dramatic increase in readout capability. We are developing novel kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) optimized for this purpose. These devices use a twin-slot microwave antenna, superconducting Nb transmission line, and a novel coupling scheme that deposits mm-wavelength power onto a high-resistivity meander deposited as the first layer on a bare Si wafer. This architecture allows us to independently adjust the detector and antenna properties and to pursue multi-band designs. We have fabricated superconducting resonators made from atomic layer deposited (ALD) titanium nitride (TiN), with thicknesses ranging from 3 to 40 nm. We find a strong dependence of transition temperature on thickness, from 0.6 to 4.2 K for our thinnest and thickest films, respectively. In dark measurements, we find internal quality factors that range from $10^4$ to $7\times 10^5$ depending on film thickness, and kinetic inductance as high as 8 nH/square. The very small volumes and high kinetic inductance make it possible to engineer extremely sensitive detectors with inductor volumes approaching a few cubic microns that operate at readout frequencies of tens to hundreds of MHz. By taking advantage of the large fractional bandwidth available at low frequencies, we expect to achieve multiplexing densities that exceed that of state of the art TES arrays even without further improvements in film quality factor. We will present the characterization of film properties and dark devices, as well as well as initial optical results for antenna coupled single-band and single-pol devices. We will also discuss designs and sensitivity projections for future dual-pol and multi-band arrays ready for deployment in near-future CMB instruments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 July 2018
Proc. SPIE 10708, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX, 107081M (10 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2314025
Show Author Affiliations
Erik Shirokoff, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Peter S. Barry, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Qing Yang Tang, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Rong Nie, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10708:
Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX
Jonas Zmuidzinas; Jian-Rong Gao, Editor(s)

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