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A two-band approach to nλ phase error corrections with LBTI's PHASECam
Author(s): E. R. Maier; P. M. Hinz; D. Defrère; S. Ertel; E. Downey
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Paper Abstract

PHASECam is the Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer's (LBTI) phase sensor, a near-infrared camera which is used to measure tip/tilt and phase variations between the two AO-corrected apertures of the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). Tip/tilt and phase sensing are currently performed in the H (1.65 μm) and K (2.2 μm) bands at 1 kHz, and the K band phase telemetry is used to send tip/tilt and Optical Path Difference (OPD) corrections to the system. However, phase variations outside the range [-Π, Π] are not sensed, and thus are not fully corrected during closed-loop operation. PHASECam's phase unwrapping algorithm, which attempts to mitigate this issue, still occasionally fails in the case of fast, large phase variations. This can cause a fringe jump, in which case the unwrapped phase will be incorrect by a wavelength or more. This can currently be manually corrected by the observer, but this is inefficient. A more reliable and automated solution is desired, especially as the LBTI begins to commission further modes which require robust, active phase control, including controlled multi-axial (Fizeau) interferometry and dual-aperture non-redundant aperture masking interferometry. We present a multi-wavelength method of fringe jump capture and correction which involves direct comparison between the K band and currently unused H band phase telemetry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 July 2018
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 10701, Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging VI, 107011M (9 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2313627
Show Author Affiliations
E. R. Maier, Steward Observatory, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
P. M. Hinz, Steward Observatory, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
D. Defrère, Liège Univ. (Belgium)
S. Ertel, Steward Observatory, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
E. Downey, Steward Observatory, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10701:
Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging VI
Michelle J. Creech-Eakman; Peter G. Tuthill; Antoine Mérand, Editor(s)

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