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Applications of the phase diversity technique to estimate the non-common path aberrations in the Gemini planet imager: results from simulation and real data
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Paper Abstract

We explore the application of phase diversity to calibrate the non common path aberrations (NCPA) in the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). This is first investigated in simulation in order to characterize the ideal technique parameters with simulated GPI calibration source data. The best working simulation parameters are derived and we establish the algorithm's capability to recover an injected astigmatism. Furthermore, the real data appear to exhibit signs of de-centering between the in and out of focus images that are required by phase diversity; this effect can arise when the diverse images are acquired in closed loop and are close to the non-linear regime of the wavefront sensor. We show in simulation that this effect can inhibit our algorithm, which does not take into account the impact of de-centering between images. To mitigate this effect, we validate the technique of using a single diverse image with our algorithm; this is first demonstrated in simulation and then applied to the real GPI data. Following this approach, we find that we can successfully recover a known astigmatism injection using the real GPI data and subsequently apply an NCPA correction to GPI (in the format of offset reference slopes) to improve the relative Strehl ratio by 5%; we note this NCPA correction application is rudimentary and a more thorough application will be investigated in the near future. Finally, the estimated NCPA in the form of astigmatism and coma agree well with the magnitude of the same modes reported by Poyneer et al. 2016.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 2018
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 10703, Adaptive Optics Systems VI, 107035M (11 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2313458
Show Author Affiliations
Masen Lamb, Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Andrew Norton, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Bruce Macintosh, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Carlos Correia, Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Jean-Pierre Véran, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Christian Marois, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Suresh Sivanandam, Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10703:
Adaptive Optics Systems VI
Laird M. Close; Laura Schreiber; Dirk Schmidt, Editor(s)

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