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Planet formation imager: project update
Author(s): John D. Monnier; Michael Ireland; Stefan Kraus; Almudena Alonso-Herrero; Amy Bonsor; Fabien Baron; Amelia Bayo; Jean-Philippe Berger; Tabetha Boyajian; Andrea Chiavassa; David Ciardi; Michelle Creech-Eakman; Willem-Jan de Wit; Denis Defrère; Ruobing Dong; Gaspard Duchêne; Catherine Espaillat; Alexandre Gallenne; Poshak Gandhi; Jean-Francois Gonzalez; Chris Haniff; Sebastian Hoenig; John Ilee; Andrea Isella; Eric Jensen; Attila Juhasz; Stephen Kane; Makoto Kishimoto; Wilhelm Kley; Quentin Kral; Kaitlin Kratter; Lucas Labadie; Sylvestre Lacour; Greg Laughlin; Jean-Baptiste Le Bouquin; Ernest Michael; Farzana Meru; Rafael Millan-Gabet; Florentin Millour; Stefano Minardi; Alessandro Morbidelli; Chris Mordasini; Andreas Morlok; Dave Mozurkewich; Richard Nelson; Johan Olofsson; Rene Oudmaijer; Chris Packham; Claudia Paladini; Olja Panic; Romain Petrov; Benjamin Pope; Joerg-Uwe Pott; Luis Henry Quiroga-Nunez; Cristina Ramos Almeida; Sean N. Raymond; Zsolt Regaly; Mark Reynolds; Stephen Ridgway; Stephen Rinehart; Matthias Schreiber; Michael Smith; Keivan Stassun; Jean Surdej; Theo ten Brummelaar; Konrad Tristram; Neal Turner; Peter Tuthill; Gerard van Belle; Gautum Vasisht; Alexander Wallace; Gerd Weigelt; Edward Wishnow; Markus Wittkowski; Sebastian Wolf; John Young; Ming Zhao; Zhaohuan Zhu; Sebastian Zúñiga-Fernández
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Paper Abstract

The Planet Formation Imager (PFI) is a near- and mid-infrared interferometer project with the driving science goal of imaging directly the key stages of planet formation, including the young proto-planets themselves. Here, we will present an update on the work of the Science Working Group (SWG), including new simulations of dust structures during the assembly phase of planet formation and quantitative detection efficiencies for accreting and non-accreting young exoplanets as a function of mass and age. We use these results to motivate two reference PFI designs consisting of a) twelve 3m telescopes with a maximum baseline of 1.2km focused on young exoplanet imaging and b) twelve 8m telescopes optimized for a wider range of young exoplanets and protoplanetary disk imaging out to the 150K H2O ice line. Armed with 4 x 8m telescopes, the ESO/VLTI can already detect young exoplanets in principle and projects such as MATISSE, Hi-5 and Heimdallr are important PFI pathfinders to make this possible. We also discuss the state of technology development needed to make PFI more affordable, including progress towards new designs for inexpensive, small field-of-view, large aperture telescopes and prospects for Cubesat-based space interferometry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 July 2018
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 10701, Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging VI, 1070118 (9 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2312683
Show Author Affiliations
John D. Monnier, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Michael Ireland, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
Stefan Kraus, Univ. of Exeter (United Kingdom)
Almudena Alonso-Herrero, Ctr. de Astrobiologia (Spain)
Amy Bonsor, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Fabien Baron, Georgia State Univ. (United States)
Amelia Bayo, Univ. de Valparaíso (Chile)
Núcleo Milenio Formación Planetaria (Chile)
Jean-Philippe Berger, Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)
Tabetha Boyajian, Louisiana State Univ. (United States)
Andrea Chiavassa, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
David Ciardi, Infrared Processing and Analysis Ctr. (United States)
Michelle Creech-Eakman, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (United States)
Willem-Jan de Wit, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Denis Defrère, Liège Univ. (Belgium)
Ruobing Dong, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Gaspard Duchêne, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)
Catherine Espaillat, Boston Univ. (United States)
Alexandre Gallenne, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Poshak Gandhi, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Jean-Francois Gonzalez, Univ. de Lyon (France)
Chris Haniff, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Sebastian Hoenig, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
John Ilee, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Andrea Isella, Rice Univ. (United States)
Eric Jensen, Swarthmore College (United States)
Attila Juhasz, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Stephen Kane, Univ. of California, Riverside (United States)
Makoto Kishimoto, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Wilhelm Kley, Eberhard Karls Univ. Tübingen (Germany)
Quentin Kral, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Kaitlin Kratter, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Lucas Labadie, Univ. zu Köln (Germany)
Sylvestre Lacour, Observatoire de Paris (France)
Greg Laughlin, Yale Univ. (United States)
Jean-Baptiste Le Bouquin, Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)
Ernest Michael, Univ. de Chile (Chile)
Farzana Meru, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Rafael Millan-Gabet, GMTO Corp. (United States)
Florentin Millour, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Stefano Minardi, Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena (Germany)
Alessandro Morbidelli, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Chris Mordasini, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)
Andreas Morlok, Westfälische Wilhelms-Univ. Münster (Germany)
Dave Mozurkewich, Seabrook Engineering (United States)
Richard Nelson, Queen Mary Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Johan Olofsson, Univ. de Valparaíso (Chile)
Núcleo Milenio Formación Planetaria (Chile)
Rene Oudmaijer, Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)
Chris Packham, The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio (United States)
Claudia Paladini, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Olja Panic, Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)
Romain Petrov, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Benjamin Pope, New York Univ. (United States)
Joerg-Uwe Pott, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Luis Henry Quiroga-Nunez, Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)
Cristina Ramos Almeida, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (Spain)
Sean N. Raymond, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux (France)
Zsolt Regaly, Konkoly Observatory (Hungary)
Mark Reynolds, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Stephen Ridgway, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States)
Stephen Rinehart, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Matthias Schreiber, Univ. de Valparaíso (Chile)
Núcleo Milenio Formación Planetaria (Chile)
Michael Smith, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)
Keivan Stassun, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Jean Surdej, Liège Univ. (Belgium)
Theo ten Brummelaar, Georgia State Univ. (United States)
Konrad Tristram, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Neal Turner, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Peter Tuthill, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Gerard van Belle, Lowell Observatory (United States)
Gautum Vasisht, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Alexander Wallace, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
Gerd Weigelt, Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie (Germany)
Edward Wishnow, Space Sciences Lab. (United States)
Markus Wittkowski, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Sebastian Wolf, Christian-Albrechts-Univ. zu Kiel (Germany)
John Young, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Ming Zhao, The New York Times Co. (United States)
Zhaohuan Zhu, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas (United States)
Sebastian Zúñiga-Fernández, Univ. de Valparaíso (Chile)
Núcleo Milenio Formación Planetaria (Chile)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10701:
Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging VI
Michelle J. Creech-Eakman; Peter G. Tuthill; Antoine Mérand, Editor(s)

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