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Proceedings Paper

Performance of NbSi transition-edge sensors readout with a 128 MUX factor for the QUBIC experiment
Author(s): M. Salatino; B. Bélier; C. Chapron; D. T. Hoang; S. Maestre; S. Marnieros; W. Marty; L. Montier; M. Piat; D. Prêle; D. Rambaud; J. P. Thermeau; S. A. Torchinsky; S. Henrot-Versillé; F. Voisin; P. Ade; G. Amico; D. Auguste; J. Aumont; S. Banfi; G. Barbarán; P. Battaglia; E. Battistelli; A. Baù; D. Bennett; L. Bergé; J.-Ph. Bernard; M. Bersanelli; M.-A. Bigot-Sazy; N. Bleurvacq; J. Bonaparte; J. Bonis; G. Bordier; E. Bréelle; E. Bunn; D. Burke; D. Buzi; A. Buzzelli; F. Cavaliere; P. Chanial; R. Charlassier; F. Columbro; G. Coppi; A. Coppolecchia; F. Couchot; R. D'Agostino; G. D’Alessandro; P. de Bernardis; G. De Gasperis; M. De Leo; M. De Petris; A. Di Donato; L. Dumoulin; A. Etchegoyen; A. Fasciszewski; C. Franceschet; M. M. Gamboa Lerena; B. García; X. Garrido; M. Gaspard; A. Gault; D. Gayer; M. Gervasi; M. Giard; Y. Giraud-Héraud; M. Gómez Berisso; M. González; M. Gradziel; L. Grandsire; E. Guerrard; J.-Ch. Hamilton; D. Harari; V. Haynes; F. Incardona; E. Jules; J. Kaplan; A. Korotkov; C. Kristukat; L. Lamagna; S. Loucatos; T. Louis; A. Lowitz; V. Lukovic; R. Luterstein; B. Maffei; S. Masi; A. Mattei; A. J. May; M. A. McCulloch; M. C. Medina; L. Mele; S. Melhuish; A. Mennella; L. M. Mundo; J. A. Murphy; J. D. Murphy; C. O'Sullivan; E. Olivieri; A. Paiella; F. Pajot; A. Passerini; H. Pastoriza; A. Pelosi; C. Perbost; O. Perdereau; F. Pezzotta; F. Piacentini; L. Piccirillo; G. Pisano; G. Polenta; R. Puddu; P. Ringegni; G. E. Romero; A. Schillaci; C. G. Scóccola; S. Scully; S. Spinelli; M. Stolpovskiy; F. Suarez; A. Tartari; P. Timbie; M. Tristram; V. Truongcanh; C. Tucker; G. Tucker; S. Vanneste; D. Viganò; N. Vittorio; B. Watson; F. Wicek; M. Zannoni; A. Zullo
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Paper Abstract

QUBIC (the Q and U Bolometric Interferometer for Cosmology) is a ground-based experiment which seeks to improve the current constraints on the amplitude of primordial gravitational waves. It exploits the unique technique, among Cosmic Microwave Background experiments, of bolometric interferometry, combining together the sensitivity of bolometric detectors with the control of systematic effects typical of interferometers. QUBIC will perform sky observations in polarization, in two frequency bands centered at 150 and 220 GHz, with two kilo-pixel focal plane arrays of NbSi Transition-Edge Sensors (TES) cooled down to 350 mK. A subset of the QUBIC instrument, the so called QUBIC Technological Demonstrator (TD), with a reduced number of detectors with respect to the full instrument, will be deployed and commissioned before the end of 2018.

The voltage-biased TES are read out with Time Domain Multiplexing and an unprecedented multiplexing (MUX) factor equal to 128. This MUX factor is reached with two-stage multiplexing: a traditional one exploiting Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices (SQUIDs) at 1K and a novel SiGe Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) at 60 K. The former provides a MUX factor of 32, while the latter provides a further 4. Each TES array is composed of 256 detectors and read out with four modules of 32 SQUIDs and two ASICs. A custom software synchronizes and manages the readout and detector operation, while the TES are sampled at 780 Hz (100kHz/128 MUX rate).

In this work we present the experimental characterization of the QUBIC TES arrays and their multiplexing readout chain, including time constant, critical temperature, and noise properties.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 July 2018
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 10708, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX, 1070845 (9 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2312080
Show Author Affiliations
M. Salatino, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
B. Bélier, Ctr. de Nanosciences et de Nanotechnologies (France)
C. Chapron, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
D. T. Hoang, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
Univ. of Science and Technology of Hanoi (Viet Nam)
Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (Viet Nam)
S. Maestre, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
S. Marnieros, Ctr. de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière de Masse, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
W. Marty, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
L. Montier, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
M. Piat, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
D. Prêle, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
D. Rambaud, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
J. P. Thermeau, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
S. A. Torchinsky, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
S. Henrot-Versillé, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
F. Voisin, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
P. Ade, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
G. Amico, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
D. Auguste, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
J. Aumont, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS, INSU (France)
S. Banfi, Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
G. Barbarán, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
P. Battaglia, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
E. Battistelli, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. Baù, Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
D. Bennett, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
L. Bergé, Ctr. de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière de Masse, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
J.-Ph. Bernard, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
M. Bersanelli, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
M.-A. Bigot-Sazy, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
N. Bleurvacq, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
J. Bonaparte, Ctr. Atómico Constituyentes (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
J. Bonis, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
G. Bordier, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
E. Bréelle, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
E. Bunn, Univ. of Richmond (United States)
D. Burke, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
D. Buzi, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. Buzzelli, Univ. degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
F. Cavaliere, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
P. Chanial, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
R. Charlassier, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
F. Columbro, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
G. Coppi, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
A. Coppolecchia, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
F. Couchot, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
R. D'Agostino, Univ. degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (Italy)
G. D’Alessandro, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
P. de Bernardis, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
G. De Gasperis, Univ. degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
M. De Leo, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
M. De Petris, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. Di Donato, Ctr. Atómico Constituyentes (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
L. Dumoulin, Ctr. de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière de Masse, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
A. Etchegoyen, Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
Univ. Nacional De San Martín (Argentina)
A. Fasciszewski, Ctr. Atómico Constituyentes (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
C. Franceschet, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
M. M. Gamboa Lerena, Univ. Nacional de la Plata (Argentina)
B. García, Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
Univ. Nacional De San Martín (Argentina)
X. Garrido, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
M. Gaspard, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
A. Gault, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
D. Gayer, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
M. Gervasi, Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
M. Giard, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
Y. Giraud-Héraud, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
M. Gómez Berisso, Ctr. Atómico Bariloche (Argentina)
Instituto Balseiro (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
M. González, Ctr. Atómico Bariloche (Argentina)
Instituto Balseiro (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
M. Gradziel, National Univ. of Ireland (Ireland)
L. Grandsire, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
E. Guerrard, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
J.-Ch. Hamilton, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
D. Harari, Ctr. Atómico Bariloche (Argentina)
Instituto Balseiro (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
V. Haynes, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
F. Incardona, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
E. Jules, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
J. Kaplan, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
A. Korotkov, Brown Univ. (United States)
C. Kristukat, Univ. Nacional de San Martín (Argentina)
L. Lamagna, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
S. Loucatos, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
T. Louis, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
A. Lowitz, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
V. Lukovic, Univ. degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (Italy)
R. Luterstein, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
B. Maffei, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS, INSU (France)
S. Masi, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. Mattei, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. J. May, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
M. A. McCulloch, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
M. C. Medina, Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía (Argentina)
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (Argentina)
Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas (Argentina)
L. Mele, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
S. Melhuish, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
A. Mennella, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
L. M. Mundo, Univ. Nacional de la Plata (Argentina)
J. A. Murphy, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
J. D. Murphy, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
C. O'Sullivan, National Univ. of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)
E. Olivieri, Ctr. de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière de Masse, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
A. Paiella, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
F. Pajot, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, INSU (France)
A. Passerini, Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
H. Pastoriza, Ctr. Atómico Bariloche (Argentina)
Instituto Balseiro (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
A. Pelosi, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
C. Perbost, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
O. Perdereau, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
F. Pezzotta, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
F. Piacentini, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
L. Piccirillo, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
G. Pisano, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
G. Polenta, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
R. Puddu, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
P. Ringegni, Univ. Nacional de la Plata (Argentina)
G. E. Romero, Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía (Argentina)
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (Argentina)
Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas (Argentina)
A. Schillaci, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (United States)
Caltech (United States)
C. G. Scóccola, Univ. Nacional de la Plata (Argentina)
S. Scully, Institute of Technology Carlow (Ireland)
S. Spinelli, Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
M. Stolpovskiy, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
F. Suarez, Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (Argentina)
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (Argentina)
Univ. Nacional de San Martín (Argentina)
A. Tartari, Lab. Astroparticule et Cosmologie, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
P. Timbie, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
M. Tristram, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
V. Truongcanh, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
C. Tucker, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
G. Tucker, Brown Univ. (United States)
S. Vanneste, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
D. Viganò, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
N. Vittorio, Univ. degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
B. Watson, The Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
F. Wicek, Lab. de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, CNRS, IN2P3 (France)
M. Zannoni, Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. Zullo, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10708:
Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX
Jonas Zmuidzinas; Jian-Rong Gao, Editor(s)

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