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Proceedings Paper

Hydrodynamic model of second-harmonic generation at metal surfaces
Author(s): J. A. Maytorena; W. Luis Mochan; Bernardo S. Mendoza
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Paper Abstract

The bulk electric-dipole contribution to the optical second harmonic generation (SHG) of centrosymmetric systems is (almost) null, so that SHG constitutes a good optical probe of their surface. We present a generalized hydrodynamic model for the calculation of the SHG spectra of simple metals with a smoothly varying surface electronic density profile. The equations of motion include a pressure term derived from the Thomas-Fermi-Dirac-von Weizsacker energy-functional, thus it includes some effects of exchange and correlation. The surface is capable of sustaining multipolar collective modes besides the ordinary surface plasmon. The former have proved capable of sustaining multipolar collective modes besides the ordinary surface plasmon. The former have proved to be very elusive and have only recently been observed with HREELS. We have obtained very large peaks in the non-linear susceptibility at the frequency of the multipolar resonance and its subharmonic, at which the SHG efficiency is enhanced several orders of magnitude, suggesting the usefulness of SHG as a probe of surface collective modes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 February 1996
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 2730, Second Iberoamerican Meeting on Optics, (5 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.231101
Show Author Affiliations
J. A. Maytorena, Univ. Autonoma del Estada de Mexico (Mexico)
W. Luis Mochan, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)
Bernardo S. Mendoza, Ctr. de Investigaciones en Optica, A.C. (Mexico)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2730:
Second Iberoamerican Meeting on Optics
Daniel Malacara-Hernandez; Sofia E. Acosta-Ortiz; Ramon Rodriguez-Vera; Zacarias Malacara; Arquimedes A. Morales, Editor(s)

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