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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Active optics: off axis aspherics generation for high contrast imaging
Author(s): E. Hugot; M. Laslandes; M. Ferrari; S. Vives; S. Moindrot; K. El Hadi; K. Dohlen

Paper Abstract

Active Optics methods, based on elasticity theory, allow the aspherisation of optical surfaces by stress polishing but also active aspherisation in situ. Researches in this field will impact the final performance and the final cost of any telescope or instrument. The stress polishing method is well suited for the superpolishing of aspheric components for astronomy. Its principle relies on spherical polishing with a full-sized tool of a warped substrate, which becomes aspherical once unwarped. The main advantage of this technique is the very high optical quality obtained either on form or on high spatial frequency errors. Furthermore, the roughness can be decreased down to a few angstroms, thanks the classical polishing with a large pitch tool, providing a substantial gain on the final scientific performance, for instance on the contrast on coronagraphic images, but also on the polishing time and cost. Stress polishing is based on elasticity theory, and requires an optimised deformation system able to provide the right aspherical form on the optical surface during polishing. The optical quality of the deformation is validated using extensive Finite Element Analysis, allowing an estimation of residuals and an optimisation of the warping harness. We describe here the work realised on stress polishing of toric mirrors for VLT-SPHERE and then our actual work on off axis aspherics (OAA) for the ASPIICS-Proba3 mission for solar coronagraphy. The ASPIICS optical design made by Vives et al is a three mirrors anastigmat including a concave off axis hyperboloid and a convex off axis parabola (OAP). We are developing a prototype in order to demonstrate the feasibility of this type of surface, using a multi-mode warping harness (Lemaitre et al). Furthermore, we present our work on variable OAP, meaning the possibility to adjust the shape of a simple OAP in situ with a minimal number of actuators, typically one actuator per optical mode (Focus, Coma and Astigmatism). Applications for future space telescopes and instrumentation are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 January 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10565, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2010, 1056553 (11 January 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2309119
Show Author Affiliations
E. Hugot, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)
M. Laslandes, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)
M. Ferrari, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)
S. Vives, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)
S. Moindrot, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)
K. El Hadi, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)
K. Dohlen, Lab. d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Ctr. National de la Recherche Scientifique, Aix Marseille Univ. (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10565:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2010
Errico Armandillo; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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