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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

The on-orbit performance of the CALIOP LIDAR on CALIPSO
Author(s): David Winker; William Hunt; Carl Weimer

Paper Abstract

CALIPSO is a joint NASA – CNES satellite currently in its third year of operation in low earth orbit. The satellite is making optical measurements of the Earth’s atmosphere to help quantify the impact of aerosols and clouds on the Earth’s radiation budget. To do this, it carries three instruments: CALIOP, a two-wavelength polarization-sensitive elastic backscatter lidar; the IIR a three band thermal imaging radiometer; and the WFC a visible single-band imager. CALIOP utilizes a Nd:YAG laser which incorporates a harmonic crystal to provide laser light at both 1064 nm and 532 nm. This beam is expanded and transmitted into the atmosphere at near nadir. The laser light scattered from clouds and aerosols back to the satellite, along with any solar background light, is collected by a one meter diameter beryllium telescope. The captured light is separated into its two wavelengths and optically filtered. The 1064 nm component is detected with an avalanche photodiode, while the 532 nm component is further resolved into two linear polarization components which are then detected by matching photomultiplier tubes. This presentation will describe the lidar and give examples of its on-orbit performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2017
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10566, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2008, 105661H (21 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2308248
Show Author Affiliations
David Winker, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
William Hunt, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Carl Weimer, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10566:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2008
Josiane Costeraste; Errico Armandillo; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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