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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

ALISEO on MIOSat: an imaging interferometer for earth observation
Author(s): A. Barducci; F. Castagnoli; G. Castellini; D. Guzzi; P. Marcoionni; I. Pippi

Paper Abstract

The Italian Space Agency (ASI) decided to perform an low cost Earth observation mission based on a new mini satellite named MIOsat which will carry various technological payloads. Among them an imaging interferometer designed and now ready to be assembled and tested by our Institute.

The instrument, named ALISEO (Aerospace Leap-frog Imaging Stationary interferometer for Earth Observation), operates in the common-path Sagnac configuration, and it does not utilize any moving part to scan the phase delays between the two interfering beams. The sensor acquires target images modulated by a pattern of autocorrelation functions of the energy coming from each scene pixel, and the resulting fringe pattern remains spatially fixed with respect to the instrument’s field-of-view. The complete interferogram of each target location is retrieved by introducing a relative source-observer motion, which allows any image pixels to be observed under different viewing-angles and experience discrete path differences.

The paper describes the main characteristics of the imaging interferometer as well as the overall optical configuration and the electronics layout. Moreover some theoretical issues concerning sampling theory in “common path” imaging interferometry are investigated. The experimental activity performed in laboratory is presented and its outcomes are analysed. Particularly, a set of measurements has been carried out using both standard (certificate) reflectance tiles and natural samples of different volcanic rocks. An algorithm for raw data pre-processing aimed at retrieving the at-sensor radiance spectrum is introduced and its performance is addressed by taking into account various issues such as dark signal subtraction, spectral instrument response compensation, effects of vignetting, and Fourier backtransform. Finally, examples of retrieved absolute reflectance of several samples are sketched at different wavelengths.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2017
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10566, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2008, 1056626 (21 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2308220
Show Author Affiliations
A. Barducci, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
F. Castagnoli, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
G. Castellini, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (France)
D. Guzzi, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
P. Marcoionni, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
I. Pippi, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10566:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2008
Josiane Costeraste; Errico Armandillo; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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