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Spatial and spectral control of infrared thermal emission in VO2-based composite nanoantennas (Conference Presentation)
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Paper Abstract

The possibility to control the infrared (IR) absorption and thermal emission on subwavelength scales has attracted large interest in the recent years thanks to the opportunities granted by nanostructured metamaterials. For example highly frequency selective and directional thermal emitters/absorbers have been proposed for a large variety of applications ranging from sensing and security to cooling and energy harvesting [1]. In order to introduce a control of the emissivity as a function of the temperature thermochromic and phase change materials have been considered. In particular Vanadium dioxide (VO2) has become a widely-studied material for applications such as metamaterials, smart windows and supercapacitors, thanks to its strong optical transmittance changes at the IR and THz regions and huge resistance jump [2]. The control mechanism is achieved by taking advantage of the metal-insulator phase transition of VO2 at its critical temperature (~68 °C). We numerically show the control of spatial and spectral features of the far field thermal emission pattern of nanoantenna arrays, composed of alternating Gold and VO2 rods, as a function of the temperature. In this work we performed a numerical study by modifying a previously developed model [3] based on the fluctuational electrodynamics approach and on the discretization of the resulting volume integral equation to calculate relative emissivity and spatial emission pattern of nanoparticle ensembles smaller than the thermal wavelength lam=hc/kBT [4]. The drastic changes of the VO2 refractive index across its metal-insulator phase transition produce strong differences in the behavior of the overall system by creating or destroying evanescent wave coupling between different elements of the nanoantenna. The study of IR thermal nano-emitters is crucial for the realization of coherent thermal nano-sources in the mid and far IR for sensing applications and thermal management as well as thermal logic gates on the nanoscale. References: [1] I. E. Khodasevych, L. Wang, A. Mitchell, and G. Rosengarten, Micro- and nano- structured surfaces for selective solar absorption, Adv. Opt. Mat. 3, 852 (2015). [2] Liu, M. et al. Phase transition in bulk single crystals and thin films of VO2 by nanoscale infrared spectroscopy and imaging. Phys. Rev. B 91, 245155 (2015). [3] M. Centini, A. Benedetti, M. C. Larciprete, A. Belardini, R. Li Voti, M. Bertolotti, C. Sibila, “Midinfrared thermal emission properties of finite arrays of gold dipole nanoantennas” Phys. Rev. B 92(20) 205411 (2015) [4] C. Wuttke and A. Rauschenbeutel, “Thermalization via Heat Radiation of an Individual Object Thinner than the Thermal Wavelength”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 024301 (2013)

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2018
Proc. SPIE 10671, Metamaterials XI, 1067116 (23 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2307185
Show Author Affiliations
Marco Centini, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Gianmario Cesarini, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Maria Cristina Larciprete, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Alessandro Belardini, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Roberto Li Voti, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Concita Sibilia, Sapienza Univ. di Roma (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10671:
Metamaterials XI
Allan D. Boardman; Anatoly V. Zayats; Kevin F. MacDonald, Editor(s)

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