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Proceedings Paper

Microscopic calculation of the surface tension of nematic LCs
Author(s): F. N. Braun; Timothy J. Sluckin; E. Velasco; L. Mederos
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Paper Abstract

The surface tension of liquid crystals at the free surface has been found experimentally to exhibit intriguing behavior in the neighborhood of the nematic-isotropic transition temperature TNI. We discuss general features of the relation between wetting properties and temperature dependence of the free surface tension close to TNI. Different wetting properties are expected to yield a varied assortment of surface tension characteristics. In order to supplement and extend these arguments, we have analyzed the surface tension using a microscopic density functional model. In this approach anisotropic volume exclusion effects are neglected, isolating instead the effect on the surface tension of the orientationally coupled Lennard-Jones potential. Wetting properties are sensitive to the different spherical harmonic components of this potential, and thus the model exhibits a rich array of surface tension behaviors, of which we give a brief overview. The principal new result of the calculations we have performed, summarized here, is the appearance of a pre-transitional surface tension minimum which is seen in many experimental studies. This is related to anomalously high sub- surface order.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 January 1996
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 2731, International Liquid Crystal Workshop on Surface Phenomena, (19 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230658
Show Author Affiliations
F. N. Braun, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Timothy J. Sluckin, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
E. Velasco, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
L. Mederos, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2731:
International Liquid Crystal Workshop on Surface Phenomena
Evgenij Rumtsev; Maxim Georg Tomilin, Editor(s)

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