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Proceedings Paper

Poisson maximum likelihood spectral inference (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Darren K. Emge

Paper Abstract

Spectral estimation is at the core to all spectrally based detection systems rather they be infrared (IR) or Raman based technologies, the standard method of spectral inference assumes a Gaussian model for the data. A less well known but alternative spectral representation can be based on a nonhomogeneous Poisson process in the frequency domain which leads to a new likelihood function that can be used for spectral inference. In particular, the very important problems of spectral estimation and spectral classification can be approached with this new likelihood function. If an exponential model is assumed, then the parameter estimation reduces to a simple convex optimization for the spectral estimation problem. For the classification problem with known spectra the classification performance based on the Poisson likelihood function is shown by simulation to outperform the Gaussian classifier in terms of robustness. Finally, a perfect analogy between the Poisson likelihood measure and the Kullback-Leibler measure for probability density functions is established and discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2018
Proc. SPIE 10646, Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXVII, 106461G (5 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2305198
Show Author Affiliations
Darren K. Emge, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10646:
Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXVII
Ivan Kadar, Editor(s)

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