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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Development of HgCdTe large format MBE arrays and noise-free high speed MOVPE EAPD arrays for ground based NIR astronomy
Author(s): G. Finger; I. Baker; M. Downing; D. Alvarez; D. Ives; L. Mehrgan; M. Meyer; J. Stegmeier; H. J. Weller

Paper Abstract

Large format near infrared HgCdTe 2Kx2K and 4Kx4K MBE arrays have reached a level of maturity which meets most of the specifications required for near infrared (NIR) astronomy. The only remaining problem is the persistence effect which is device specific and not yet fully under control. For ground based multi-object spectroscopy on 40 meter class telescopes larger pixels would be advantageous.

For high speed near infrared fringe tracking and wavefront sensing the only way to overcome the CMOS noise barrier is the amplification of the photoelectron signal inside the infrared pixel by means of the avalanche gain. A readout chip for a 320x256 pixel HgCdTe eAPD array will be presented which has 32 parallel video outputs being arranged in such a way that the full multiplex advantage is also available for small sub-windows. In combination with the high APD gain this allows reducing the readout noise to the subelectron level by applying nondestructive readout schemes with subpixel sampling. Arrays grown by MOVPE achieve subelectron readout noise and operate with superb cosmetic quality at high APD gain. Efforts are made to reduce the dark current of those arrays to make this technology also available for large format focal planes of NIR instruments offering noise free detectors for deep exposures. The dark current of the latest MOVPE eAPD arrays is already at a level adequate for noiseless broad and narrow band imaging in scientific instruments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10563, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014, 1056311 (17 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2304270
Show Author Affiliations
G. Finger, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
I. Baker, Selex ES Ltd. (United Kingdom)
M. Downing, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
D. Alvarez, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
D. Ives, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
L. Mehrgan, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
M. Meyer, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
J. Stegmeier, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
H. J. Weller, Selex ES Ltd. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10563:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014
Zoran Sodnik; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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