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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Indoor calibration for stereoscopic camera STC: a new method
Author(s): E. Simioni; C. Re; V. Da Deppo; G. Naletto; D. Borrelli; M. Dami; I. Ficai Veltroni; G. Cremonese

Paper Abstract

In the framework of the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury, the global mapping of the planet will be performed by the on-board Stereo Camera (STC), part of the SIMBIO-SYS suite [1]. In this paper we propose a new technique for the validation of the 3D reconstruction of planetary surface from images acquired with a stereo camera.

STC will provide a three-dimensional reconstruction of Mercury surface. The generation of a DTM of the observed features is based on the processing of the acquired images and on the knowledge of the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of the optical system.

The new stereo concept developed for STC needs a pre-flight verification of the actual capabilities to obtain elevation information from stereo couples: for this, a stereo validation setup to get an indoor reproduction of the flight observing condition of the instrument would give a much greater confidence to the developed instrument design.

STC is the first stereo satellite camera with two optical channels converging in a unique sensor. Its optical model is based on a brand new concept to minimize mass and volume and to allow push-frame imaging. This model imposed to define a new calibration pipeline to test the reconstruction method in a controlled ambient. An ad-hoc indoor set-up has been realized for validating the instrument designed to operate in deep space, i.e. in-flight STC will have to deal with source/target essentially placed at infinity.

This auxiliary indoor setup permits on one side to rescale the stereo reconstruction problem from the operative distance in-flight of 400 km to almost 1 meter in lab; on the other side it allows to replicate different viewing angles for the considered targets.

Neglecting for sake of simplicity the Mercury curvature, the STC observing geometry of the same portion of the planet surface at periherm corresponds to a rotation of the spacecraft (SC) around the observed target by twice the 20° separation of each channel with respect to nadir. The indoor simulation of the SC trajectory can therefore be provided by two rotation stages to generate a dual system of the real one with same stereo parameters but different scale.

The set of acquired images will be used to get a 3D reconstruction of the target: depth information retrieved from stereo reconstruction and the known features of the target will allow to get an evaluation of the stereo system performance both in terms of horizontal resolution and vertical accuracy.

To verify the 3D reconstruction capabilities of STC by means of this stereo validation set-up, the lab target surface should provide a reference, i.e. should be known with an accuracy better than that required on the 3D reconstruction itself. For this reason, the rock samples accurately selected to be used as lab targets have been measured with a suitable accurate 3D laser scanner.

The paper will show this method in detail analyzing all the choices adopted to lead back a so complex system to the indoor solution for calibration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10563, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014, 105634E (17 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2304188
Show Author Affiliations
E. Simioni, CNR-IFN (Italy)
C. Re, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
V. Da Deppo, CNR-IFN (Italy)
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
G. Naletto, Univ. degli Studi di Padova (Italy)
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
D. Borrelli, Selex ES (Italy)
M. Dami, Selex ES (Italy)
I. Ficai Veltroni, Selex ES (Italy)
G. Cremonese, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10563:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014
Zoran Sodnik; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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