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Proceedings Paper

Automatic measurement of cusps in 2.5D dental images
Author(s): Mattias Wolf; Dietrich W. Paulus; Heinrich Niemann
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Paper Abstract

Automatic reconstruction of occlusal surfaces of teeth is an application which might become more and more urgent due to the toxicity of amalgam. Modern dental chairside equipment is currently restricted to the production of inlays. The automatic reconstruction of the occlusal surface is presently not possible. For manufacturing an occlusal surface it is required to extract features from which it is possible to reconstruct destroyed teeth. In this paper, we demonstrate how intact upper molars can be automatically extracted in dental range and intensity images. After normalization of the 3D location, the sizes of the cusps are detected and the distances between them are calculated. In the presented approach, the detection of the upper molar is based on a knowledge-based segmentation which includes anatomic knowledge. After the segmentation of the interesting tooth the central fossa is calculated. The normalization of the spatial location is archieved by aligning the detected fossa with a reference axis. After searching the cusp tips in the range image the image is resized. The methods have been successfully tested on 60 images. The results have been compared with the results of a dentist's evaluation on a sample of 20 images. The results will be further used for automatic production of tooth inlays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 January 1996
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 2599, Three-Dimensional and Unconventional Imaging for Industrial Inspection and Metrology, (19 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230392
Show Author Affiliations
Mattias Wolf, FORWISS (Germany)
Dietrich W. Paulus, Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)
Heinrich Niemann, FORWISS and Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2599:
Three-Dimensional and Unconventional Imaging for Industrial Inspection and Metrology
Michael R. Descour; Kevin G. Harding; Donald J. Svetkoff, Editor(s)

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