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Proceedings Paper

Next decade in infrared detectors
Author(s): A. Rogalski
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Paper Abstract

Fundamental and technological issues associated with the development and exploitation of the most advanced infrared technologies is discussed. In these classes of detectors both photon and thermal detectors are considered. Special attention is directed to HgCdTe ternary alloys, type II superlattices (T2SLs), barrier detectors, quantum wells, extrinsic detectors, and uncooled thermal bolometers.

The sophisticated physics associated with the antimonide-based bandgap engineering will give a new impact and interest in development of infrared detector structures. Important advantage of T2SLs is the high quality, high uniformity and stable nature of the material. In general, III-V semiconductors are more robust than their II-VI counterparts due to stronger, less ionic chemical bonding. As a result, III-V-based FPAs excel in operability, spatial uniformity, temporal stability, scalability, producibility, and affordability – the so-called “ibility” advantages.

In well established uncooled imaging, microbolometer arrays are clearly the most used technology. The microbolometer detectors are now produced in larger volumes than all other IR array technologies together. Present state-of-the-art microbolometers are based on polycrystalline or amorphous materials, typically vanadium oxide (VOx) or amorphous silicon (a-Si), with only modest temperature sensitivity and noise properties. Basic efforts today are mainly focused on pixel reduction and performance enhancement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 October 2017
PDF: 25 pages
Proc. SPIE 10433, Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XIV, 104330L (9 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2300779
Show Author Affiliations
A. Rogalski, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10433:
Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XIV
David A. Huckridge; Reinhard Ebert; Helge Bürsing, Editor(s)

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