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Proceedings Paper

Dense capacitive sensor array for monitoring distortion-induced fatigue cracks in steel bridges
Author(s): Xiangxiong Kong; Jian Li; William Collins; Caroline Bennett; Hongki Jo; Jong-Hyun Jeong; Simon Laflamme
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Paper Abstract

Distortion-induced fatigue cracks caused by differential deflections between adjacent girders are common issues for steel girder bridges built prior to the mid-1980s in the United States. Monitoring these fatigue cracks is essential to ensure bridge structural integrity. Despite various level of success of crack monitoring methods over the past decades, monitoring distortion-induced fatigue cracks is still challenging due to the complex structural joint layout and unpredictable crack propagation paths. Previously, the authors proposed soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC), a large-size flexible capacitive strain sensor, for monitoring in-plane fatigue cracks. The crack growth can be robustly identified by extracting the crack growth index (CGI) from the measured capacitance signals. In this study, the SECs are investigated for monitoring distortion-induced fatigue cracks. A dense array of SECs is proposed to monitor a large structural surface with fatigue-susceptible details. The effectiveness of this strategy has been verified through a fatigue test of a large-scale bridge girder to cross-frame connection model. By extracting CGIs from the SEC arrays, distortion-induced fatigue crack growth can be successfully monitored.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10598, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2018, 105980Q (27 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2296592
Show Author Affiliations
Xiangxiong Kong, The Univ. of Kansas (United States)
Jian Li, The Univ. of Kansas (United States)
William Collins, The Univ. of Kansas (United States)
Caroline Bennett, The Univ. of Kansas (United States)
Hongki Jo, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Jong-Hyun Jeong, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Simon Laflamme, Iowa State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10598:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2018
Hoon Sohn, Editor(s)

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