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Proceedings Paper

Radiation resilient fiber Bragg grating sensors for sensing applications in nuclear reactor cores
Author(s): M. Zaghloul; M. Wang; S. Huang; C. Hnatovsky; D. Grobnic; S. Mihailov; M.-J. Li; D. Carpenter; L.-W. Hu; J. Dow; K. Chen
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Paper Abstract

This paper reports testing results of radiation resilient fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in radiation resistant fibers in the nuclear reactor core at MIT Research Reactor Lab. FBGs were fabricated by 140-fs ultrafast laser pulse using a phase mask approach. In-core test of fiber Bragg gratings was carried out in the core region of a 6-MW research reactor at temperature > 600°C and an average fast neutron (>1 MeV) flux >1×1014 n/s/cm2. First 100-day tests of FBG sensors shows less than 5 dB reduction in FBG peak strength after over 1×1020 n/cm2 of accumulated fast neutron dosage. To test temporal responses of FBG sensors, a number of reactor anomaly events were artificially created to abruptly change reactor power, temperature, and neutron flux over short periods of time. The thermal optical coefficients and temporal responses of FBG sensors are determined at different accumulated dosages of neutron flux. Results presented in this paper reveals that temperature-stable Type-II FBGs fabricated in radiation-hardened fibers could be used as sensors to perform in-pile measurements to improve safety and efficiency of existing and next generation nuclear reactors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 January 2018
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10618, 2017 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Advanced Optical Sensors and Applications, 106180C (10 January 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2296458
Show Author Affiliations
M. Zaghloul, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
M. Wang, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
S. Huang, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
C. Hnatovsky, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
D. Grobnic, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
S. Mihailov, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
M.-J. Li, Corning Inc. (United States)
D. Carpenter, MIT Nuclear Reactor Lab. (United States)
L.-W. Hu, MIT Nuclear Reactor Lab. (United States)
J. Dow, Idaho National Lab. (United States)
K. Chen, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10618:
2017 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Advanced Optical Sensors and Applications
Xuping Zhang; Hai Xiao; Francisco Javier Arregui; Liquan Dong, Editor(s)

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