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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of laser radiation regimes at thermal tissue destruction
Author(s): Anatoly Ivanov; Mishik A. Kazaryan; E. I. Molodykh; T. A. Shchetinkina
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Paper Abstract

The existing methods of laser destruction of biotissues, widely spread in surgery and coagulation action, are based on local heat emission in the tissues after light absorption. Here we present the results of the simulation of tissues heat destruction, taking into account the influence of blood and lymph circulation on the processes of heat transfer. The problem is adapted to the case of liver tissue with tumor. A liver is considered as a capillary-porous body with internal blood circulation. Heatconductivity and tissue-blood heat transfer are considered. Heat action is assumed to be implemented with contact laser scalpel. The mathematical model consists of two inhomogeneous nonlinear equations of heatconductivity with spherical symmetry. Nonstationary temperature fields of tissue and blood are determined and the main parameters are: (1) coefficients of heatconductivity and capacitance of blood and tissue, (2) blood and tissue density, (3) total metabolic energy, (4) volume coefficient accounting for heat-exchange between tissue and blood, and (5) blood circulation velocity. The power of laser radiation was taken into account in boundary conditions set for the center of coagulated tissue volume. We also took into account the process connected with changing of substance phase (vaporization). The original computer programs allow one to solve the problem varying in a wide range of the main parameters. Reasonable agreement was found between the calculation results and the experimental data for operations on microsamples and on test animals. It was demonstrated, in particular, that liver tissue coagulation regime is achieved at 10 W laser power during 25 s. The coagulation radius of 0.7 cm with the given tumor radius of 0.5 cm corresponds to the real clinical situation in case of metastasis liver affection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 January 1996
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 2728, CIS Selected Papers: Laser Use in Oncology, (8 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.229481
Show Author Affiliations
Anatoly Ivanov, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)
Mishik A. Kazaryan, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)
E. I. Molodykh, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)
T. A. Shchetinkina, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2728:
CIS Selected Papers: Laser Use in Oncology
Andrei V. Ivanov; Mishik A. Kazaryan, Editor(s)

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