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Image quality, scatter, and dose in compact CBCT systems with flat and curved detectors
Author(s): A. Sisniega; W. Zbijewski; P. Wu; J. W. Stayman; V. E. Koliatsos; N. Aygun; R. Stevens; X. Wang; D. H. Foos; J. H. Siewerdsen
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: A number of cone-beam CT (CBCT) applications demand increasingly compact system designs for smaller footprint and improved portability. Such compact geometries can be achieved via reduction of air gap and integration of novel, curved detectors; however, the increased x-ray scatter in presents a major challenge to soft-tissue image quality in such compact arrangements. This work investigates pre-patient modulation (bowtie filters) and antiscatter grids to mitigate such effects for compact geometries with curved detectors. Methods: The effects of bowtie filters on dose and x-ray scatter were investigated in a compact geometry (180 mm air gap), for three detector curvatures: Flat, Focused at source, and Compact focused at isocenter. Experiments used bowtie filters of varying curvature combined with antiscatter grids (GR: 8:1, 80 lpmm). Scatter was estimated via GPU-accelerated Monte Carlo simulation in an anthropomorphic head phantom. Primary fluence was estimated with a polychromatic Siddon projector. Realistic Poisson noise (total dose: 20 mGy) was added to the total signal. Scatter magnitude and distribution were evaluated in projection data, and CT image quality was assessed in PWLS reconstructions. Results were validated in physical experiments on an x-ray test-bench for CBCT. Results: Moderate bowties combined with grids reduced average scatter magnitude and SPR, reduced cupping from 90 to 5 HU, and yielded net benefit to CNR despite attenuation of primary fluence. Dose to sensitive organs (eye lens) was reduced by 27%. More aggressive bowties showed further potential for dose reduction (35%) but increased peripheral SPR and increased non-uniformity and artifacts at the periphery of the image. Curved detector geometry exhibited slightly improved uniformity but a slight reduction in CNR compared to conventional flat detector geometry. Conclusion: Highly portable, soft-tissue imaging, CBCT systems with very compact geometry and curved detectors appear feasible, despite elevated x-ray scatter, through combination of moderate pre-patient collimation and antiscatter grids.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10573, Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging, 105734E (9 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293872
Show Author Affiliations
A. Sisniega, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
W. Zbijewski, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
P. Wu, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
J. W. Stayman, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
V. E. Koliatsos, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
N. Aygun, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
R. Stevens, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
X. Wang, Carestream Health, Inc. (United States)
D. H. Foos, Carestream Health, Inc. (United States)
J. H. Siewerdsen, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10573:
Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging
Joseph Y. Lo; Taly Gilat Schmidt; Guang-Hong Chen, Editor(s)

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