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Proceedings Paper

Towards quantitative imaging: stability of fully automated nodule segmentation across varied dose levels and reconstruction parameters in a low-dose CT screening patient cohort
Author(s): M. Wasil Wahi-Anwar; Nastaran Emaminejad; John Hoffman; Grace H. Kim; Matthew S. Brown; Michael F. McNitt-Gray
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Paper Abstract

Quantitative imaging in lung cancer CT seeks to characterize nodules through quantitative features, usually from a region of interest delineating the nodule. The segmentation, however, can vary depending on segmentation approach and image quality, which can affect the extracted feature values. In this study, we utilize a fully-automated nodule segmentation method – to avoid reader-influenced inconsistencies – to explore the effects of varied dose levels and reconstruction parameters on segmentation.

Raw projection CT images from a low-dose screening patient cohort (N=59) were reconstructed at multiple dose levels (100%, 50%, 25%, 10%), two slice thicknesses (1.0mm, 0.6mm), and a medium kernel. Fully-automated nodule detection and segmentation was then applied, from which 12 nodules were selected. Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) was used to assess the similarity of the segmentation ROIs of the same nodule across different reconstruction and dose conditions.

Nodules at 1.0mm slice thickness and dose levels of 25% and 50% resulted in DSC values greater than 0.85 when compared to 100% dose, with lower dose leading to a lower average and wider spread of DSC values. At 0.6mm, the increased bias and wider spread of DSC values from lowering dose were more pronounced. The effects of dose reduction on DSC for CAD-segmented nodules were similar in magnitude to reducing the slice thickness from 1.0mm to 0.6mm. In conclusion, variation of dose and slice thickness can result in very different segmentations because of noise and image quality. However, there exists some stability in segmentation overlap, as even at 1mm, an image with 25% of the lowdose scan still results in segmentations similar to that seen in a full-dose scan.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2018
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 105751L (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293269
Show Author Affiliations
M. Wasil Wahi-Anwar, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Nastaran Emaminejad, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
John Hoffman, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Grace H. Kim, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Matthew S. Brown, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Michael F. McNitt-Gray, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10575:
Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Nicholas Petrick; Kensaku Mori, Editor(s)

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