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Photodynamic therapy: the role of paraptosis
Author(s): David Kessel; Won-Jin Cho; Hyeong-Reh Kim
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Paper Abstract

Apoptosis is a pathway to cell death frequently observed after photodynamic therapy (PDT). Sub-cellular photodamage to mitochondria, lysosomes, the ER, or combinations of these targets, can lead to apoptotic death. We have recently investigated another pathway to cell death after PDT termed ‘paraptosis’. This is characterized by extensive cytoplasmic vacuolization, does not involve caspase activation or nuclear fragmentation, requires a brief interval of continued protein synthesis and appears to derive from ER stress. Determinants and further characteristics of PDT-derived paraptosis are explored in the A549 non small-cell lung cancer cell line and in cells derived from head and neck cancer tissues. We provide evidence that ER photodamage and JNK pathway activation are involved in PDT-mediated paraptosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 February 2018
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 10476, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXVII, 1047602 (12 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2291997
Show Author Affiliations
David Kessel, Wayne State Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Won-Jin Cho, Wayne State Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Hyeong-Reh Kim, Wayne State Univ. School of Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10476:
Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXVII
David H. Kessel; Tayyaba Hasan, Editor(s)

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