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Proceedings Paper

Generative statistical modeling of left atrial appendage appearance to substantiate clinical paradigms for stroke risk stratification
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Paper Abstract

Left atrial appendage (LAA) is the source of 91% of the thrombi in patients with atrial arrhythmias (~2.3 million US adults), turning this region into a potential threat for stroke. LAA geometries have been clinically categorized into four appearance groups viz. Cauliflower, Cactus, Chicken-Wing and WindSock, based on visual appearance in 3D volume visualizations of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging, and have further been correlated with stroke risk by considering clinical mortality statistics. However, such classification from visual appearance is limited by human subjectivity and is not sophisticated enough to address all the characteristics of the geometries. Quantification of LAA geometry metrics can reveal a more repeatable and reliable estimate on the characteristics of the LAA which correspond with stasis risk, and in-turn cardioembolic risk. We present an approach to quantify the appearance of the LAA in patients in atrial fibrillation (AF) using a weighted set of baseline eigen-modes of LAA appearance variation, as a means to objectify classification of patient-specific LAAs into the four accepted clinical appearance groups. Clinical images of 16 patients (4 per LAA appearance category) with atrial fibrillation (AF) were identified and visualized as volume images. All the volume images were rigidly reoriented in order to be spatially co-registered, normalized in terms of intensity, resampled and finally reshaped appropriately to carry out principal component analysis (PCA), in order to parametrize the LAA region’s appearance based on principal components (PCs/eigen mode) of greyscale appearance, generating 16 eigen-modes of appearance variation. Our pilot studies show that the most dominant LAA appearance (i.e. reconstructable using the fewest eigen-modes) resembles the Chicken-Wing class, which is known to have the lowest stroke risk per clinical mortality statistics. Our findings indicate the possibility that LAA geometries with high risk of stroke are higher-order statistical variants of underlying lower risk shapes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10574, Medical Imaging 2018: Image Processing, 105742L (2 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2291568
Show Author Affiliations
Soroosh Sanatkhani, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Prahlad G. Menon, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Duquesne Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10574:
Medical Imaging 2018: Image Processing
Elsa D. Angelini; Bennett A. Landman, Editor(s)

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