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Deep learning classifier with optical coherence tomography images for early dental caries detection
Author(s): Nima Karimian; Hassan S. Salehi; Mina Mahdian; Hisham Alnajjar; Aditya Tadinada
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Paper Abstract

Dental caries is a microbial disease that results in localized dissolution of the mineral content of dental tissue. Despite considerable decline in the incidence of dental caries, it remains a major health problem in many societies. Early detection of incipient lesions at initial stages of demineralization can result in the implementation of non-surgical preventive approaches to reverse the demineralization process. In this paper, we present a novel approach combining deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging modality for classification of human oral tissues to detect early dental caries. OCT images of oral tissues with various densities were input to a CNN classifier to determine variations in tissue densities resembling the demineralization process. The CNN automatically learns a hierarchy of increasingly complex features and a related classifier directly from training data sets. The initial CNN layer parameters were randomly selected. The training set is split into minibatches, with 10 OCT images per batch. Given a batch of training patches, the CNN employs two convolutional and pooling layers to extract features and then classify each patch based on the probabilities from the SoftMax classification layer (output-layer). Afterward, the CNN calculates the error between the classification result and the reference label, and then utilizes the backpropagation process to fine-tune all the layer parameters to minimize this error using batch gradient descent algorithm. We validated our proposed technique on ex-vivo OCT images of human oral tissues (enamel, cortical-bone, trabecular-bone, muscular-tissue, and fatty-tissue), which attested to effectiveness of our proposed method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 February 2018
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10473, Lasers in Dentistry XXIV, 1047304 (8 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2291088
Show Author Affiliations
Nima Karimian, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Hassan S. Salehi, Univ. of Hartford (United States)
Mina Mahdian, Stony Brook Univ. School of Dental Medicine (United States)
Hisham Alnajjar, Univ. of Hartford (United States)
Aditya Tadinada, Univ. of Connecticut Health Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10473:
Lasers in Dentistry XXIV
Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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