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Proceedings Paper

Measuring and engineering the atomic mass density wave of a Gaussian mass-polariton pulse in optical fibers
Author(s): Mikko Partanen; Jukka Tulkki
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Paper Abstract

Conventional theories of electromagnetic waves in a medium assume that only the energy of the field propagates inside the medium. Consequently, they neglect the transport of mass density by the medium atoms. We have recently presented foundations of a covariant theory of light propagation in a nondispersive medium by considering a light wave simultaneously with the dynamics of the medium atoms driven by optoelastic forces [Phys. Rev. A 95, 063850 (2017)]. In particular, we have shown that the mass is transferred by an atomic mass density wave (MDW), which gives rise to mass-polariton (MP) quasiparticles, i.e., covariant coupled states of the field and matter having a nonzero rest mass. Another key observation of the mass-polariton theory of light is that, in common semiconductors, most of the momentum of light is transferred by moving atoms, e.g., 92% in the case of silicon. In this work, we generalize the MP theory of light for dispersive media and consider experimental measurement of the mass transferred by the MDW atoms when an intense light pulse propagates in a silicon fiber. In particular, we consider optimal intensity and time dependence of a Gaussian pulse and account for the breakdown threshold irradiance of the material. The optical shock wave property of the MDW, which propagates with the velocity of light instead of the velocity of sound, prompts for engineering of novel device concepts like very high frequency mechanical oscillators not limited by the acoustic cutoff frequency.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2018
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10526, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVI, 105260V (23 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2288288
Show Author Affiliations
Mikko Partanen, Aalto Univ. (Finland)
Jukka Tulkki, Aalto Univ. (Finland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10526:
Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVI
Bernd Witzigmann; Marek Osiński; Yasuhiko Arakawa, Editor(s)

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