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Proceedings Paper

Evidential analysis of difference images for change detection of multitemporal remote sensing images
Author(s): Yin Chen; Lijuan Peng; Armin B. Cremers
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Paper Abstract

In this article, we develop two methods for unsupervised change detection in multitemporal remote sensing images based on Dempster-Shafer's theory of evidence (DST). In most unsupervised change detection methods, the probability of difference image is assumed to be characterized by mixture models, whose parameters are estimated by the expectation maximization (EM) method. However, the main drawback of the EM method is that it does not consider spatial contextual information, which may entail rather noisy detection results with numerous spurious alarms. To remedy this, we firstly develop an evidence theory based EM method (EEM) which incorporates spatial contextual information in EM by iteratively fusing the belief assignments of neighboring pixels to the central pixel. Secondly, an evidential labeling method in the sense of maximizing a posteriori probability (MAP) is proposed in order to further enhance the detection result. It first uses the parameters estimated by EEM to initialize the class labels of a difference image. Then it iteratively fuses class conditional information and spatial contextual information, and updates labels and class parameters. Finally it converges to a fixed state which gives the detection result. A simulated image set and two real remote sensing data sets are used to evaluate the two evidential change detection methods. Experimental results show that the new evidential methods are comparable to other prevalent methods in terms of total error rate.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2018
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10611, MIPPR 2017: Remote Sensing Image Processing, Geographic Information Systems, and Other Applications, 106110L (8 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2288027
Show Author Affiliations
Yin Chen, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)
Lijuan Peng, North China Institute of Automatic Control Technology Research (China)
Armin B. Cremers, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Univ. Bonn (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10611:
MIPPR 2017: Remote Sensing Image Processing, Geographic Information Systems, and Other Applications
Nong Sang; Jie Ma; Zhong Chen, Editor(s)

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