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Focusing of light energy inside a scattering medium by controlling the time-gated multiple light scattering (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Ye-Ryoung Lee; Seungwon Jeong; Sungsam Kang; Wonjun Choi; Jin Hee Hong; Jin-Sung Park; Yong-Sik Lim; Hong-Gyu Park; Wonshik Choi
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Paper Abstract

To exploit photonics technologies for in vivo studies in life science and biomedicine, it is necessary to efficiently deliver light energy to the target objects embedded deep within complex biological tissues. However, light waves diffuse randomly inside complex media due to multiple scattering, and only a small fraction reaches the target object. Here we present a method to counteract the random diffusion and to focus ‘snake-like’ multiple-scattered waves to the embedded target. To realize this, we experimentally identified time-gated reflection eigenchannels that have extraordinarily large reflectance at a specific flight time where most of the multiple-scattered waves have interacted with the target object. By injecting light to these eigenchannels, we achieved more than 10-fold enhancement in light energy delivery compared to ordinary wave diffusion cases. This method works up to depths of approximately 2 times the transport mean free path at which target objects are completely invisible by ballistic optical imaging. This work will lay a foundation for enhancing the working depth of imaging, sensing, and light stimulation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2018
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Proc. SPIE 10502, Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV, 105020K (14 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2286821
Show Author Affiliations
Ye-Ryoung Lee, Institute for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of)
Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Seungwon Jeong, Institute for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of)
Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Sungsam Kang, Institute for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of)
Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Wonjun Choi, Institute for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of)
Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Jin Hee Hong, Institute for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of)
Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Jin-Sung Park, Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Yong-Sik Lim, Konkuk Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Hong-Gyu Park, Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Wonshik Choi, Institute for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of)
Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10502:
Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV
Thomas G. Bifano; Joel Kubby; Sylvain Gigan, Editor(s)

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