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Underwater Wireless Acousto-Optic Waveguide (UWAOW)
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Paper Abstract

The present study originated in the lack of research into achieving underwater total internal reflection (TIR) via the acousto-optic effect. The uniqueness of this technique exists in the fact that it is based on a high sound pressure level which induces a localised change in refractive index of seawater sufficient to achieve total internal reflection within the communication channel. Different transducer systems for generating the pressure wave have been investigated and take the form of a wave which may be either a standing wave, or a novel beamforming technique. The former is based on an array of transducers and with an acoustic mirror at the receiver in order to establish the standing wave. The alternative approach relies on the high intrinsic directionality of a novel beamformer where an annular transducer array is examined as an acoustic source. In this paper, the main characteristics of the acoustic optic waveguide will be presented. This will include both sound and light propagation in the ocean, TIR, novel beam propagation, the refractive index of water as a function of the externally applied acoustic pressure, and the acoustic technology. The modelled results, the limitations imposed by the challenging medium, and the system requirements required to obtain an Underwater Wireless Acousto-Optic Waveguide (UWAOW) will be also addressed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 October 2017
PDF: 20 pages
Proc. SPIE 10437, Advanced Free-Space Optical Communication Techniques and Applications III, 1043708 (6 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2286318
Show Author Affiliations
Giovanni Giuliano, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Bae Systems (United Kingdom)
Lionel W. J. Kent, BAE Systems (United Kingdom)
Leslie C. Laycock, BAE Systems (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10437:
Advanced Free-Space Optical Communication Techniques and Applications III
Henry J. White; Florian Moll, Editor(s)

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